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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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of the remaining seven hundred yards of water, and, leaping
from their boats at a hundred yards distance from it, their
leading company captured Norfolk Hill by a fine assault about
7.30 a.m. Of the enemy garrison—which with the exception
of one Turkish officer were all Arab soldiers—seventy-five
had been killed, twenty-six were wounded and thirty-four
taken prisoner. Although Norfolk Hill was honeycombed
with trenches, these had afforded evidently but indifferent
protection against the British guns. The British casualties
in this part of the operations only amounted to one officer
killed and five men wounded.
About this time a British aeroplane was seen flying over
the Espiegle. Two had arrived at Basra on the 14th May,
but lack of dry ground delayed their use and it was not until
the 27th that the first machine made a flight. By the
strenuous exertions of the Air Force, both machines were
in the air by dawn of the 31st, and rendered most useful
service from then onwards.
Norfolk Hill having been captured, the main effort was
now concentrated on One Tower Hill. The Oxfords re
embarked, transferring their shielded heliums* to the third
line and, supported by the 30th Mountain Battery (who came
into action at about two thousand yards range), and the
howitzers and guns at Qurna, advanced against One Tower
Hill. Preceded by the mine-sweeping armed launchest Shaitan
and Sumana, the Espiegle and Clio now moved up and anchored
off Norfolk Hill to join in the bombardment of One Tower
Hill; and the Odin, Lawrence and Miner also moved up in
support. These warships still continued to be the main
target for the Turkish guns and both the Espiegle and Odin
were hit by shells, without, however, sustaining much damage
or loss. The enemy opened a heavy rifle fire from One Tower
Hill on the advancing Oxfordshire Light Infantry, but it was
not very effective, and by 9 a.m., when the infantry machine
guns came into action, had been almost completely suppressed
by the British gunfire. The 119th Infantry had by this time
been ordered forward to support the Oxfordshire assault.
This was again directed against the enemy’s western flank, and
by 9.30 a.m., with the loss of only two wounded, had met with
complete success. The enemy’s losses on this hill amounted
* These had delayed the advance up to this point and the protection they
afforded was not so essential as to compensate for this delay.
f The launches Bahrein and Lewis Belly were kept in reserve as spare mine

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎140r] (284/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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