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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A FTER the capture of Amara, the British forces in
Mesopotamia were disposed in four main groups, i.e.,
about Amara, Qurna, Ahwaz and Basra.
At Amara on the 13th June were a cavalry regiment, ten
guns, nine infantry battalions, half a battalion of pioneers,
two sapper companies and the bridging train ; at Qurna four
infantry battalions and fourteen guns, with a battalion and a
field battery on the line of communication between Qurna and
Amara ; * at Ahwaz two cavalry regiments, twelve guns, four
infantry battalions, a company of pioneers and a sapper
company ; and at Basra and Fort George were a cavalry
regiment, six guns, five infantry battalions, a company of
pioneers and a sapper company. Force Headquarters were
at Basra, while those of the 6th and 12th Divisions were at
Amara and Ahwaz respectively. Owing, however, to the way
in which the operations had developed, the divisional organisa
tion had been temporarily broken up, the three brigades of
the 12th Division being at Ahwaz, Amara and Qurna, while
the 6th Division had detachments from the Basra area to
During May, a good deal had been done to improve the
organisation of the force and a few additions to it a een
made. Amongst other arrangements, separate organisation
of the lines of communication under an Inspector (jr ^ nei J a
(Major-General Davison) had been carried out and the
Adjutant-General’s branch at the base had been placed on a
proper footing ; a brigade headquarters was formed for the
heavy artillery ; and the nucleus of a mechanical transport
service was started. Owing to the Begum of °P a .. avin S
placed an Imperial Service cavalry regiment at their disposal,
* At Ezra’s Tomb and Qala Salih. An attempt to hold Abu Aran, the only
dry ground witMn many miles of Quma, had been gxven up, owing to the
intense heat there.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎146r] (296/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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