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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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7 p.m., however, they had established themselves on the near
bank of the Shatra, to find that the enemy was holding the
further bank. This rendered it impracticable to bring up the
heliums for crossing. The Gurkhas remained in their position
for the night under considerable hostile fire, which, however,
was ill-directed and caused but few casualties. During the
night the 1 /4th Hampshire Regiment was sent to reinforce them
and by 5 a.m. on the 5th had come into line on their right.
General Gorringe’s intentions for the 5th were to advance
his force along both banks of the Akaika and to attack the enemy
on the left bank of the Euphrates, preparatory to crossing that
river and seizing the Turkish gun position opposite the Akaika
entrance. The l/4th Hampshire and the 2/7th Gurkhas were
to cross the Shatra, advance along the south bank of the Akaika,
locating as they went the exact position of enemy mines in
the channel, and then cross the Akaika again to the left bank
of the Euphrates. General Melliss, with the 30th Mountain
Battery and the 24th and 76th Punjabis, was to move along
the north bank of the Akaika and establish himself on the left
bank of the Euphrates well upstream of the Turkish gun position;
He should then be able, it was hoped, to cross the Euphrates
well above the enemy’s position and might possibly succeed in
cutting off the two Turkish launches and a steamer reported to
have arrived at their gun position. The British artillery, naval
and military, excluding the mountain guns, were to be held in
readiness to concentrate their fire on the Turkish gun position;
General Gorringe's central signalling station and his own report
centre were established at Ati’s House ; and he kept the sapper
company and half the battalion 48th Pioneers in hand in reserve.
General Melliss’ column commenced its advance at 4.45 a.m.,
on the 5th. The 76th Punjabis, moving along the narrow strip
of date plantations—about six hundred yards wide—between
the Akaika and the inundation to the north, reached a point
nearly opposite the Shatra entrance without difficulty. Here
they came under such heavy fire from the south bank of the
Akaika and from mud walls to their right front across the
inundation that their advance was checked.
Meanwhile heliums and gun rafts had moved through the
water cut made the previous day into the inundation north
west of Ati’s House ; and in these the 24th Punjabis and a
section of the 30th Mountain Battery pushed forward about
6.15 a.m. towards the right of the 76th Punjabis, being supported
by the fire of two sections of the 30th Battery on rafts near
Ati’s House. Though subjected to some enemy gun fire their

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎152v] (309/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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