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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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at first—until they had learned by experience to work in
complete silence and under cover of the banks as far as possible
—under heavy enemy fire.
On the 11th, the Blosse Lynch arrived with the first of the
reinforcements, i.e., the Headquarters 12th Infantry Brigade
67th Punjabis and a section of the l/5th Hampshire Howitzer
On the night of the llth/12th, the 67th Punjabis relieved
the 2/7th Gurkhas, drawing, in the operation, a heavy but
ineffective fire from the enemy. The two Hampshire howitzers
were placed in position near the Asani camp ; and the 63rd
Field Battery was brought ashore, as it was considered better
to sacrifice the mobility they gained in barges to the greater
accuracy they could obtain by firing on land.
On the 12th, the Mejidieh arrived with half the 2nd Queen’s
Own Royal West Kent Regiment and half the 90th Punjabis,
both belonging to the 12th Infantry Brigade * This brigade
now took over the advanced positions on the left bank, the
2/7th Gurkhas being retained there as a support, and the
76th Punjabis moving down to safeguard the Asani anchorage.
During the night of the 12th/13th, the enemy made three
separate attacks against the British front line on the left bank,
but they were all beaten off without difficulty by the 67th and
90th Punjabis, who suffered but few casualties.
On the 13th, the Malamir arrived with the remaining half
of the 90th Punjabis and the 44th Merwara Infantry. The
latter battalion took over the duty of protecting the Asani
anchorage and camp, thus enabling the 76th Punjabis to join
the 30th Brigade on the right bank. The previous night, an
officer’s patrol in a helium had ascertained that the “ sandhills ”
(i.e., the collection of low mounds west of the Majinina mouth)
could be reached by helium. General Gorringe at once deter
mined to seize them and Shukhair village by night, as it
appeared likely that the enemy’s position on the right bank
could be enfiladed from the sandhills.
General Gorringe s plan was, briefly, as follows :—On the
right bank to advance the British positions to a line running
from Shukhair to “ Sixteen Palms ” and to establish at the
" Sandhills ” a force which would then attack the enemy’s
communications and rear ; while on the left bank a simul
taneous attack was made on the enemy’s trenches. General
Melliss was given charge of the operations on the right bank,
* 2nd Queen’s Own Royal West Kent, 67th Punjabis, 90th Punjabis, 44th
Merwara Infantry.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎155v] (315/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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