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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[|Mt | lrTr) .. , m -_------———
three battalions (l/4th Hampshire, 24th and 76th Punjabis)
of his own (30th) brigade and four mountain guns being placed
at his disposal for the purpose, and the half battalion 48th
Pioneers was also to be under his orders till the line Shukhair-
Sixteen Palms had been established. Lieutenant-Colonel
Dunlop, temporarily in command of the 12th Brigade, was
instructed to be ready to attack on the left bank, when ordered,
with the two mountain guns and the 67th and 90th Punjabis.
General Gorringe retained in reserve, at his own disposal, the
half battalion West Kents, 2/7th Gurkhas, 44th Merwaras and
the sapper company. As soon as the line Shukhair-Sixteen
Palms had been established, the half battalion 48th Pioneers
was also to join this reserve.
At 12.30 a.m., on the 14th, the 76th Punjabis and the half
battalion 48th Pioneers advanced and seized the line Shukhair-
Sixteen Palms. The operation was skilfully carried out and
met with little real opposition, the British casualties being
Early on the same night, the l/4th Hampshire took over
the trenches along the Umm as Sabiyan from the 24th Punjabis,
who started with four mountain guns from the western end
of this creek at 12.45 a.m. for their enterprise against the sand
hills. This operation, which was to be carried out in heliums,
was in charge of Lieutenant-Colonel Climo of the 24th Punjabis.
Moving in single file, the heliums advanced north-westwards
along a channel clear of reeds, at a pace regulated by the
mountain gun rafts and, therefore, necessarily slow. About
3 a.m. the column was fired on by an enemy piquet and
inclined to its left to obtain the shelter of the reeds, where,
however, they found progress very slow and exhausting, as it
became necessary to man-handle the heliums for a great part
of the way. About 3.45 a.m. a heavy but inaccurate fire was
opened on the column from the north-east, but by 4.30 a.m.
a position was reached about a mile to the west of the sandhills.
Here Colonel Climo called a brief halt to ascertain his position.
About 5 a.m., when it had become sufficiently light to discern
his objective, Colonel Climo, leaving his guns with an escort
of a company, pushed on with the rest of his heliums
to within one thousand yards of the sandhills, and there
awaited the bombardment of his guns. He considered it
necessary to obtain a rapid decision before the enemy garrison
could be reinforced or the marsh Arabs could collect to attack
him. After a brief bombardment by his guns, therefore.
Colonel Climo ordered the attack to proceed.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎156r] (316/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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