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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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lair • - cw - f -
Brigade had succeeded in clearing the enemy out of all their
positions south of the Maiyadiya creek. The creek itself was
crossed by the enemy’s boat bridge and the Maiyadiya position,
including six guns, fell into our hands. The 12th Brigade was
then reorganised by its commander and shortly after noon
resumed the advance northward, the 67th Punjabis leading,
with the West Kents and 90th Punjabis following in support.
Meanwhile, on the right bank, at 6.40 a.m.(when it was seen
that the force on the left bank had established themselves in the
Thornycroft Point trenches), the 30th Brigade under General
Melliss was ordered to advance. At the same time, the Sumana
started to tow the armoured barge across the river to the
Majinina creek, and the Shushan, Mahsoudi and Muzaffari
(Maxim battery) moved up-stream to co-operate by close range
fire. On board the Sumana, commanded by Lieutenant Harris,
R.N., were the 17th Sapper Company under Captain Loring,
R.E., and fifty men of the 48th Pioneers, under Captain Hewett;
and in the armoured bridging barge was a covering party of
the l/4th Hampshire Regiment, under Captain Parsons. The
barge was to be run aground both to afford a means of crossing
the creek and to bring to the spot material for the erection of
two trestle bridges.
The operation was carried out most gallantly, under heavy
artillery and rifle fire, with great coolness and skill. The
enemy’s position had to be approached very closely and both
the Sumana and the barge were swept with bullets, and the
barge was holed by enemy shell. The Sumana was badly
damaged, but managed to withdraw pitted with bullet marks,
after successfully grounding the barge in the required position,
about 8.15 a.m. The British casualties on board these two
vessels had been considerable, especially in the Hampshire
and the 17th Sapper Company, which had suffered twenty
casualties each out of the detachments numbering thirty-five*
and fifty-five respectively.
While this was being effected, the enemy's position was
being heavily bombarded by the British guns ; and the assault
ing line of the 30th Brigade—composed of the 1 /4th Hampshire
and 2/7th Gurkhas—were advancing on the Majinina creek.
They were met by heavy fire and the ground they had to cross
was devoid of cover except for grass about two feet high.
But this high grass rendered it almost impossible for men
to fire when lying down. By 7.30 a.m., however, the line had
established itself close to the south bank of the creek about
* This was the total effective strength of No. 3 Company on this date.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎159r] (322/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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