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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Nasiriya. The 12th and 30th Brigades marched in during the
day, while the 18th Brigade cleared up the battlefield and held
the line of communication with Asani.
In the action of the 24th, the enemy force under command
of Ahmed Bey was, after the fight, estimated to have consisted
of about 4,200 Turkish troops with 15 guns* and a large number
of Arab tribesmen. Of these some 1,500 troops with 5 guns
were understood to have been defending the right bank of the
river, 1,700 with 6 guns were on the left bank, and about 1,000
with 4 guns on the Sadanawiya position. The British captured
all the 15 guns, 5 machine guns, a large quantity of arms,
ammunition and stores and 3 motor boats. The Turkish
casualties were roughly estimated at 2,000 killed and
wounded ; and in addition the British captured 450 prisoners
on the 24th, a number which had increased by the 29th to 951.
The Turks had fought stubbornly and their gun fire had been
unusually accurate and efficient.
The effective strength of the British troops on the 24th July
was about 4,600 rifles with 26 naval and military guns (excluding
the naval 3-pounders). The infantry battalions were all much
below establishment, varying in numbers from 140 in the l/4th
Hampshire Regiment to 620 in the 120th Infantry. The battle
casualties on that day amounted to 104 killed and 429 wounded,
of which 44 killed and 110 wounded had been in the West Kents,
who had gone into action under 500 strong ; and the l/4th
Hampshire had incurred 45 casualties out of their total of 140.
Of the 12th Divisional Signal Company more than half had been
disabled by sickness and casualties in action in the course of
the heavy and continuous work they had to carry out during
these operations.
During the operations on the Euphrates the naval casualties
in action had been two officers and three men wounded.
General Nixon in his despatch reporting these operations,
which had been such a complete and brilliant success, says :
“ I cannot praise too highly the skill and determination
with which General Gorringe conducted the task assigned
to him—nor the gallant and devoted manner in which the
troops under his command responded to the strenuous
calls which were made upon them.
“ Seldom, if ever, have our troops been called upon to
campaign in more trying heat than they have experienced
this summer in the marshy plains of Mesopotamia.
“ Many indeed succumbedf to the effects of the sun when
* One 4-inch heavy gun, twelve field guns and two mountain guns.
| 373 fighting ranks were transferred sick to Basra from the Euphrates
between 26th June and 23rd July, and on the 24th July there were 316 sick
i n hospital at Asani.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎161r] (326/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 July 2020]

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