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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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river. Supplies will be accumulated at Amara and beyond,
sufficient to tide over difficulties at the worst period of
low river, which mainly affect the reach between Qurna
and Amara.”
On the 12th July Mr. Chamberlain telegraphed to India :—
“ . . . . Reference protection of Anglo-Persian oil
interests. The Admiralty are most anxious that there
should be no further interruption of supply, and urge
effective military protection irrespective of tribal guaran
tees. They are informed that military are proposing to
withdraw troops from Ahwaz and pressing oil company
to subsidise the Bawi tribe. Probably two thousand
cavalry, infantry and guns will suffice for this duty, but
you in communication with Nixon can advise on this point.
Nixon must be warned that the present situation in Persia
and Aden renders it more than ever advisable not to rely
entirely on Arab or Bakhtiari guarantees. I understand
that, as no further reinforcements for Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. are
possible, you will not sanction further advance, but will
be content for the time to hold the Basra vilayet and the
On the 27th July, two days after the capture of Nasiriya,
the Viceroy sent the following telegram to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. :—
“ . . . . Now that Nasiriya has been occupied, the
occupation of Kut al Amara is considered by us to be
a strategic necessity. Kut al Amara is only four miles
beyond limit of Basra vilayet; it commands the lower
reaches of the Tigris and also the Euphrates by way of
Shatt al Hai, and its occupation will facilitate the rein
forcement of our position on either river and also enable us
to control the powerful Bani Lam tribe and effectively
safeguard the oil-fields against aggression from the Tigris.
Once securely in possession, we could probably reduce
materially our garrisons at Nasiriya and Amara and thus
economise our troops.
Nixon has, owing to sick, found it necessary to demand
reinforcements. He is also being directed to despatch
an Indian battalion to Bushire. In order to strengthen
Nixon for the purpose of securing Kut al Amara, we
consider 28th Brigade should be moved from Aden to
Force ‘ D ’ when this brigade can be spared from
Aden. ... It will ... be possible to spare
28th Brigade from Aden shortly in order to assist Nixon
in the capture of Kut al Amara, after which the brigade

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎165r] (334/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 September 2019]

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