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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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raising clouds of dust which, combined with the usual mirage,
was making artillery observation very difficult, he ordered
the 82nd Field Battery, followed shortly by the l/5th Hants
Howitzers, up to a fresh position close to Northern Redoubt
to co-operate with the infantry attacks southward.
The Turks put up a stout resistance from the communication
and other trenches to the south-west and south of the Centre
Redoubt and from the Southern Redoubt itself. A company
of the 119th, supported by a company of the Oxfords,
captured the two Turkish guns in the gunpits south of the
Centre Redoubt, and a mixed party of 119th, Oxfords,
and 103rd gained a footing in the trenches south of the Centre
Redoubt, where General Delamain’s portion of the force was
reorganising. Heavy and confused fighting ensued, and the
Turks, fighting well, started to counter-attack, with the result
that the British attack was held up for some time about eight
hundred yards short of the Southern Redoubt, the check
being largely owing to the lack of close artillery support,
which the dust and mirage had rendered so difficult. The deep
communication trenches hampered reorganisation and rein
forcement of the British front line, but it was gradually effected ;
the 82nd and Hampshire Batteries redoubled their efforts, and
the Maxim Battery moved in to afford close support to the
infantry attack, with the result that an assault by the Oxfords,*
119th, and 103rd carried the redoubt about 12.45 p.m., cap
turing three hundred Turkish soldiers.
After the Oxfords, 103rd, and 119th had been detached,
soon after 9 a.m., from General Hoghton s force to join in
General Delamain’s attack on the three redoubts, the 22nd
Punjabis continued their advance towards the low ground
behind the Centre Redoubt. Beginning, however, to suffer
from enfilade fire from the Turkish trenches behind this
redoubt, they swung round a little to their left. This was
before 10 a.m., and just then the 20th Punjabis reported an
enemy force advancing from the south-south-west, and
apparently directed against the right flank of General Hoghton s
force. Ordering the 20th to remain in observation of this force,
General Hoghton collected the 104th, 22nd and brigaded
machine guns, which were all somewhat scattered, and advanced
with them to attack the approaching enemy. This was in
accordance with orders he had received shortly before ^ ro ^ 1
General Delamain to a ttack the enemy wherever encountered,
* In his report General Nixon describes the action of the Oxfords here as
being “ particularly fine.”

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎177r] (358/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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