Skip to item: of 454
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer


The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

the western edge of the Suwada marsh, with the Oxfords on
their right and the 103rd and Brigade machine guns following
in support. The 16th Brigade, with the Maxim Battery on
their right, moved in echelon on the right rear of the 17th
Brigade—covering the guns, the Sapper company and the
transport—and the cavalry were still further out to the right
to cover that flank.
About 5.30 p.m. General Delamain reached a position some
three thousand yards west of the Horse Shoe position and,
having sent a message by aeroplane to inform General Fry of
his intentions, was about to attack eastwards. But the appear
ance of strong hostile reinforcements, moving from the south
ward towards the Horse Shoe marsh, forced him to change his
intentions. He immediately changed front, to face and attack
the advancing enemy, who appear to have come from the
Turkish right bank position. Though dead beat and parched
with thirst, General Delamain’s men responded gallantly to
the call upon them and carried out the necessary deployment
and extension skilfully and rapidly. With the 16th Brigade
on the right and the 17th on the left and well supported by
the 76th, 82nd, l/5th Hants and Maxim batteries, the successive
lines of British infantry made straight for the enemy with fine
dash and spirit. The Turks at once took up a defensive position*
along a dry canal running north-west from the Tigris , and the
British, whose advance led through long grass straight into
the face of the setting sun, had some difficulty in discerning
exactly where the enemy were.
The Turks opened a heavy rifle fire, supported by four held
and two machine guns, but their guns were quickly silenced
by the British artillery firing at ranges varying from 1,700 to
2 600 yards ; and the British infantry, scarcely halting to fire,
fixed bayonets at four hundred yards’ distance and swept on
driving the enemy headlong from the canal. The Turkish
losses were heavy, including their four g ul | s > e y
saved from further destruction by the fall of ni g ht » whlch
enabled the remnants of their force to make good their escape.
General Delamain’s force were now so exhausted as to be
incapable of further movementf, so they occupied the enemy s
position, where they passed a quiet night. , •
In the meanwhile, about 5.30 p.m., General Fry s brigade
had renewed its efforts to close in on the enemy s position m
’t M^reovrr.'th^round was so cut up by deep nullahs that movement was
practically impossible.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎180r] (364/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 April 2020]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [&lrm;180r] (364/454)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image