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Coll 30/86(2) 'Persia. Relations with Iraq. Shatt-el-Arab: Internationalisation of, and establishment of a Conservancy Board.' [‎63r] (136/944)

The record is made up of 1 volume (468 folios). It was created in 23 Dec 1935-22 Apr 1937. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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2
subject to the modification of the boundary line specified in
jprtic 1 e 2 be .1 ow.
Article 2. Subject to the provisions of Article 4 below the
Government of Iraq grant to the Government of Iran an anchorage
for the port of abaden the boundaries of which shall be as
follows:
Length; Four mriles (6455 metres) along the low water
line irom Jetty ho. 1, of which the approximate situation is
Latitude 50° 20’ 8*4 n forth and Longitude 48° 16’ 15" hast, to a
point of which the approximate situation is Latitude 50° 17’ 20"
North and Longitude 48° 19’ 50" East,
'Jidth: Aron the low water line to the thalweg .
Boundary up-stream and down-stream of the Shatt: A line
extending perpendicularly irom the low water line to the tha lweg .
Articleg , Immediately after ratification of the present Treaty,
a Demarcation Commission shall be formed charged with the task of
renewing the boundary pillars erected by the Commission rererred
to in article 1 and erecting such additional pillars as may be
considered necessary. The composition and manner of work of
the Demarcation Commission shall form the subject of a separate
agreement.
Article The following provisions shall apply to the idhatt-
al-Arab, irom the point where the land frontier between the
territories or the two High Contracting Parties reaches the le.it
bank as far as the open sea:
(a) The Shatt -... 1—nrab shall be open to the passage oi
the merchant ships of all nations without discriminatio;.. All
dues and charges levied on such ships shall correspond as lar a^
possible to services rendered and rhese dues cAid. cnarges sho.ll
be assessed in each case on the tonnage oi tne snip or on its
draught or on both.
(b) ...

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Content

The file concerns negotiations over a convention to establish a Conservancy Board for the Shatt-el-Arab (also referred to as the Shatt-al-Arab) between the governments of Iraq, Iran (also referred to as Persia), and the United Kingdom.

The convention had two main objects: (1) to provide for the conservancy of the Shatt-al-Arab (i.e. its maintenance as a navigable waterway adequate to the needs of international shipping); (2) to control the navigation of the Shatt-al-Arab (i.e. to provide all shipping using the waterway with a uniform system of control, administration, and discipline in all matters necessary for safe and efficient shipping). The board was to consist of Iraq and Iran as the two riparian countries concerned, and the United Kingdom as the state owning over 90 per cent of the shipping using the river.

The papers cover: Perso-Iraqi negotiations; the question of British participation in the convention; the views of the Shah of Iran; negotiations over the frontier between Iraq and Iran; dredging dues; the navigation of the river; Persian violations of Iraqi territory; the anchorage at Abadan; draft agreements on the frontier between Iraq and Iran; the Persian refusal to allow Iraq any say over the waters (the Karun) that flowed into the Shatt-al-Arab (e.g. folios 262-264); the interests of the Government of Turkey in the issue; the view of the Foreign Office that a single authority was required in order to achieve unified control over the whole waterway system (folios 245-246); quarantine and police posts; and the Port of Basra (budget estimates, and dues and charges).

The main correspondents are the Foreign Office, the British Ambassador to Iraq, and HM Minister, Tehran.

The French language content of the file consists of approximately ten folios of diplomatic correspondence and treaty drafts.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (468 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 464; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers, along with the two leading and two ending flyleaves have not been foliated. A previous foliation sequence, which is present between ff 291-464 and is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 30/86(2) 'Persia. Relations with Iraq. Shatt-el-Arab: Internationalisation of, and establishment of a Conservancy Board.' [‎63r] (136/944), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3803, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100048894115.0x000089> [accessed 24 January 2020]

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