Coll 6/7(2) 'The Yemen: Relations between H.M.G. and the Yemen.' [34r] (78/732)
The record is made up of 1 volume (362 folios). It was created in 16 Jun 1932-21 Sep 1933. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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Extract from Cabinet Conclusi
5th September 1933.
The Cabinet approved the recommendations of
OF r fS YEMEN.
the Official Sub-Cornmittee as set forth in the
Appendix to these conclusions.
REL ATIONS OF HIS MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT ¥/ITH THE
IMAM OF THE YEMEN .
Recommendations of the Standing Official Suo-Committee
~ for Questions c*onc ernin g the Middle East .
(l) (a) That there now seems a reasonable possibility
of bringing the treaty negotiations to a
successful conclusion if an envoy can be sent
to Sanaa for personal discussion with the Imam;
provided the envoy is previously authorised,
should the Imam prove obdurate -
(i) To inform the Imam that the
breaking off of negotiations will inevitably
follow failure by the Imam and the envoy
to reach agreement; that the envoy feels
sure that His Majesty’s Government will not
any longer tolerate the presence^of Zeidi
forces in territory which His Majesty’s
Government claim for the Aden Protectorate;
and that if negotiations are broken off,
His Majesty’s Government will in all
probability feel compelled to a,ssert
forcibly their rights in Audhali, and other
territory occupied by Zeidi forces.
(ii) To break off negotiations.
NOTE:- In point of fact, it is
hoped that if the Resident is
placed in a position to make a
statement of this kind it will
About this item
This volume concerns relations between the British Government and Imam Yehia bin Muhammad Hamid Uddin [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen]. It documents (from a British perspective) the progress of treaty negotiations between Britain and Yemen. Much of the correspondence discusses the terms of the proposed treaty between Britain and Yemen, including a contested third article from a draft treaty proposed by the Imam, which relates both to the southern frontier of Yemen and to the Imam's claim to a number of unspecified islands situated in the Red Sea (referred to as 'the Islands of Yemen' in the Imam's draft treaty).
Other items of discussion related to the proposed treaty include:
- Whether India should be a separate signatory of the proposed treaty.
- Whether the Imam is likely to consent to the establishment of special tribunals for the practice of a privileged code of law for foreign nationals in Yemen.
- The British precondition that, prior to the treaty being signed, the Imam must remove all restrictions on overland trade between Yemen and the Aden Protectorate, as well as surrender the territories and subjects of those chiefs who are in treaty relations with the British.
- The possibility of the appointment of a permanent British representative at San'a.
The volume's main correspondents are the following: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and Commander-in-Chief (later referred to as the Chief Commissioner) at Aden (Bernard Rawdon Reilly and his Acting Resident, Reginald Stuart Champion), the Imam of Yemen, the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister), and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, and the War Office respectively.
In addition to correspondence, the volume also includes the following:
- Copies of minutes from meetings of the Imperial Defence Committee's Standing Official Sub-Committee for questions concerning the Middle East, which discuss the proposed treaty with Yemen.
- A copy of a report of an eighteen-day British medical mission (comprised of two doctors, two nurses, and Lieutenant-Colonel Morice Challoner Lake) to Taiz [Ta‘izz] in late 1931 and early 1932, which was undertaken for the purpose of treating the daughter-in-law of Seyyid 'Ali of Taiz, son-in-law of the Imam.
- A copy of a report of Lake's subsequent visit to San'a in January 1932, which recounts in detail his conversations with the Imam.
- Copies of both a draft treaty and a 'retabulated' draft treaty, drafted by the British in response to the Imam's initial draft treaty.
- Copies of political intelligence summaries from the Aden Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. .
The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (362 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 358; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers, along with the two leading and two ending flyleaves have not been foliated. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 315-358; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.
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