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Coll 6/7(2) 'The Yemen: Relations between H.M.G. and the Yemen.' [‎36r] (82/732)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (362 folios). It was created in 16 Jun 1932-21 Sep 1933. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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should loe limited to temporary occupation of
territory when cleared by air action; and that it
will in the main rest with the Royal Air Force not
only to clear territory occupied by Zeidi forces,
but also, if necessary, to prevent reoccupation
of that territory by the threat or resumption of
air action against military objectives in the Imam’s
territ ory.
(e) That the Resident should have discretion to discuss
and accept verbal amendments in the text of the
treaty, but that the Colonial Office and the foreign
Office should consider whether any of the particular
amendments now suggested by the Imam must oe objected
(2). (a) That as regards the incursion by Zeidi forces xnto
the Subeihi country referred to in the Acting
Resident’s telegram of the 14th August, 1933 (Paper
No.M.E.(O) 101), the Acting Resident should be
authorised to despatch an ultimatum to the Imam,
concurrently with a notification to the Governor of
Taiz, demanding withdrawal and restoration 0 ^ the
prisoners and loot, to be followed m the event 0 .
non-compliance by air action, after the usual local
warnings, against Taiz or other suitable military^
objectives within the Imam’s territory in tne vicinity
of the disturbed area.
( 0 )
( 3 ).
That the Foreign Office should take the necessary
steps to advise the Italian Government of recent
events in the Subeihi country, and the action which
it is proposed to take.
That action in connection with the incursion into the
Subeihi country should be taken at the earli ■>
possible moment, allowing the minimum necessary time
for the delivery of an ultimatum to the Ima:* a
notification to the Italian Government.
That the Colonial Office should take the instructions of
the Secretary of State for the Colonies, as Chairman o
the Standing Ministerial Sub-Committee for Questions
concerning the Middle East, whether the action to be taken
on the despatches and telegram from the Acting E e “^"t
under discussion should be submitted to the Ministerial
Sub-Committee or to the Cabinet.

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This volume concerns relations between the British Government and Imam Yehia bin Muhammad Hamid Uddin [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen]. It documents (from a British perspective) the progress of treaty negotiations between Britain and Yemen. Much of the correspondence discusses the terms of the proposed treaty between Britain and Yemen, including a contested third article from a draft treaty proposed by the Imam, which relates both to the southern frontier of Yemen and to the Imam's claim to a number of unspecified islands situated in the Red Sea (referred to as 'the Islands of Yemen' in the Imam's draft treaty).

Other items of discussion related to the proposed treaty include:

  • Whether India should be a separate signatory of the proposed treaty.
  • Whether the Imam is likely to consent to the establishment of special tribunals for the practice of a privileged code of law for foreign nationals in Yemen.
  • The British precondition that, prior to the treaty being signed, the Imam must remove all restrictions on overland trade between Yemen and the Aden Protectorate, as well as surrender the territories and subjects of those chiefs who are in treaty relations with the British.
  • The possibility of the appointment of a permanent British representative at San'a.

The volume's main correspondents are the following: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and Commander-in-Chief (later referred to as the Chief Commissioner) at Aden (Bernard Rawdon Reilly and his Acting Resident, Reginald Stuart Champion), the Imam of Yemen, the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister), and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, and the War Office respectively.

In addition to correspondence, the volume also includes the following:

  • Copies of minutes from meetings of the Imperial Defence Committee's Standing Official Sub-Committee for questions concerning the Middle East, which discuss the proposed treaty with Yemen.
  • A copy of a report of an eighteen-day British medical mission (comprised of two doctors, two nurses, and Lieutenant-Colonel Morice Challoner Lake) to Taiz [Ta‘izz] in late 1931 and early 1932, which was undertaken for the purpose of treating the daughter-in-law of Seyyid 'Ali of Taiz, son-in-law of the Imam.
  • A copy of a report of Lake's subsequent visit to San'a in January 1932, which recounts in detail his conversations with the Imam.
  • Copies of both a draft treaty and a 'retabulated' draft treaty, drafted by the British in response to the Imam's initial draft treaty.
  • Copies of political intelligence summaries from the Aden Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. .

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (362 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 358; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers, along with the two leading and two ending flyleaves have not been foliated. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 315-358; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 6/7(2) 'The Yemen: Relations between H.M.G. and the Yemen.' [‎36r] (82/732), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2069, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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