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'Field Notes on Sa'udi Arabia, 1935' [‎91v] (187/248)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (120 folios). It was created in 1936. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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GLOSSARY —continued
Matr: rain. r
Mihrab : niche in wall of mosque in direction of Qibla, i.e., Mecca.
Mudir : director. . , ,
Musabila : trading of Bedouins and laying in of their supplies by sending
caravans from desert ports at a distance from their own grazing grounds.
Mutawwa’ : pastor, deacon, chaplain.
Na’al : Sandals (horseshoes, but these are seldom used in Arabia).
Nafud : rolling sand desert.
Naib : deputy.
Nakhudha : helmsman.
Naqliya : transport.
Nuzoul at Taiyarat : landing ground.
Qabila : main tribe.
Qabtan : captain of a vessel.
Qadhi : judge.
Qafila A train of travellers; a caravan; or any large party of travellers. : caravan or convoy.
Qa’id : commander, leader.
Qasf : bombardment.
Qibla : praying direction, i.e., towards Mecca.
Qunbas : compass.
Quran : Muhammadan scriptures.
Quwa aj Juwiya : air force.
Rafiq : travelling companion, one accompanying caravan for its safety.
Rais : captain or leader.
Raudha : wooded depression.
Rikat : movements in Moslem prayer.
Rubban : pilot.
Sabkha : salt ground.
Safina : steamer, ship or boat.
Saman : clarified butter.
Sambuq : small dhow A term adopted by British officials to refer to local sailing vessels in the western Indian Ocean. .
Samm : invitation to eat or reply to superior. “ Yes ” (origin unknown) used
in Nejd. \
Sayid : title of one claiming descent from the Prophet. m
Shaib : water channel.
Shaikh : an elder, tribal leader.
Shara’ : the religious law.
Sharm (Sherm) : inlet.
Shiraa’ : sail of ship.
Simmum (or Shimmum) : hot wind, usually from the south.
Siyara : car.
Sukkan : rudder.
Sumada : kerchief.
Summan : hard desert.
Suq : market place.

About this item


The volume, marked confidential, is Field Notes on Sa'udi Arabia, 1935 , prepared by Donald Banks of the Air Ministry, by command of the Air Council.

The volume begins with a brief forward (folio 2) in which the geographical scope is outlined. The volume is then divided into nine chapters (I-IX) with appendices, as follows:

I - History

II - System of Government

III - Population

IV - Political Geography

V - Physical Geography

VI - Climate and Meteorology

VII - Communications

VIII - Resources

IX - Armed Forces

Appendices - Weights and Measures, Coinage, Calendar and Time, Note on the state of Wahhabism viewed from a military standpoint, Note on Zakat

The volume contains the following route reports:

1. 'Uqair to Riyadh, via al Hasa

2. Riyadh to Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Fatima (near Jedda)

3. Jumaima to Medina

4. Riyadh to Kuwait

5. Kuwait to Transjordan Used in three contexts: the geographical region to the east of the River Jordan (literally ‘across the River Jordan’); a British protectorate (1921-46); an independent political entity (1946-49) now known as Jordan Frontier

The volume contains nineteen maps and plans, as follows:

  • Imperial Air and Sea Routes (folio 29)
  • Tribal Areas (folio 23)
  • Administrative Divisions (folio 33)
  • Town Plans of Jedda, Mecca, Medina, Riyadh, and Taif (folios 40, 42, 43, 45, and 46, respectively)
  • Diagrammatic Section of Middle Sa'udi Arabia (folio 50)
  • Physical Geography (folio 54)
  • Chart showing Magnetic Variation in Arabia (folio 59)
  • Communications in Sa'udi Arabia (folio 64)
  • Diagram of Principal Watering Points, Frontier Posts and Garrisons (folio 70)
  • Tribes of Asir (folio 76)
  • Panorama of the town of Marat (folio 98)
  • Panorama of Muwaih (folio 101)
  • Sketch Plan of Muwaih (folio 100)
  • Sketch of route Rumaihiya-Jarya (Route Report No. 4) (folio 109)
  • General Map (folio 121)
Extent and format
1 volume (120 folios)

At the beginning of the volume (folios 4-7) is a list of contents with reference to the original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 122; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Field Notes on Sa'udi Arabia, 1935' [‎91v] (187/248), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/384, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 July 2024]

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