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Coll 28/54 ‘Persia. Perso-Polish and Perso-Japanese Relations.’ [‎3r] (5/145)

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The record is made up of 1 file (71 folios). It was created in 24 Mar 1927-22 Jan 1942. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty's Government, and should be
Ever since the Japanese entered the war, we have been anxious
to induce the Persian Government to break off relations with Japan
and close the Japanese Legation. Although their cypher and bag
facilities have been withdrawn, we have reason to suppose that the
Japanese Legation have a secrex wireless transmitter with which
they may be able to pass on military and other important information
to Tokyo and thence to Berlin and Rome 0 They are also a potential
source of communication between the Persian Government and the Axis.
2. When the Persians broke off relations with the other
Axis Powers last September it was as the result of joint Anglo-
Soviet pressure, but as the Soviet Government are anxious not to
embroil themselves with the Japanese at the moment, we cannot
hope for their support in this case. Moreover, even if the
proposed Treaty wixh Persia were in force, the Persians would be
under no obligation to break off relations with Japan. The
Treaty only states that Persia will not maintain diplomatic
relations with any State which is in relations with neither the
United Kingdom nor the Soviet Union.
3. His Majesty’s Minister at 'Tehran has asked the^Persian
Minister for Foreign Affairs to close the Japanese Legation but,
although he has a grudge against the Legation for having
harboured the ex-Mufti, Minister for Foreign Affairs pretended to
believe that it offers no danger at present.^ It therefore seems
unlikely that the Legation will be closed unless we can bring
strong pressure to bear. Our only weapons are military and
economic. We do not want to send troops back to Tehran merely
in order to secure the closing of the Japanese Legation and the
Soviet Government might well object to our doing so. We could
tell the Persian Government that we shall not send them any^
further supplies of wheat or sugar until the Japanese Legation is
closed. But the resultant shortage of foodstuffs would increase
anti-British feeling, might lead to civil disturbances, and might
in the long run do us more harm than the Persians.
4. According to Sir R. Bullard, the American Minister at
Tehran would be very glad if the Japanese Legation were closed,
but feels unable to press for this without instructions from
Washington, for which he lias promised^to telegraph. The Persian
Government are very anxious to conciliate the United States at
present and Sir R. Bullard considers that pressure frpm the^United
States Minister would be very helpful. Please explain position
to State Department and say that we should be very grateful for
any assistance which they may be able to give us in this matter.
kept under Lock and Key.]
Mo. 514 .
22nd January, 1942.
D. 11.00 p.m. 22nd January, 1942
Repeated to Kuibyshev Mo. 134,

About this item


Correspondence and other papers relating to diplomatic and commercial relations between Persia [Iran] and Poland, and Persia and Japan. The file includes: a copy (in French) of a Treaty of Friendship and Commercial Convention, signed between Persia and Poland in 1927; correspondence (some in French) concerning relations between Persia and Japan, culminating in the signing of a treaty of commerce and navigation between the two countries in 1932 (not included in the file); correspondence and extracts from the diary of the British Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Consulate at Bushire, dated 1935, reporting on a concession awarded to Japanese commercial interests by the Persian Government to mine rock salt on Qishm Island [Qeshm]; correspondence dated 1940 from HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in Tehran, Reader William Bullard, reporting that the Polish Chargé d’Affaires in Tehran has not received a dinner invitation to celebrate the Shah’s [Reza Shah Pahlavi] birthday. Subsequent correspondence concerns the decision for Bullard to decline the invitation to dinner, along with his French counterpart; correspondence dated 1941-1942 concerning relations between Persia and Japan, prior to and immediately after Japan’s entry into the Second World War.

The file’s principal correspondents are: HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Tehran, Robert Henry Clive, Reginald Hervey Hoare, Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen, and Reader William Bullard; the Foreign Office.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (71 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 72; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 28/54 ‘Persia. Perso-Polish and Perso-Japanese Relations.’ [‎3r] (5/145), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3459, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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