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Coll 28/54 ‘Persia. Perso-Polish and Perso-Japanese Relations.’ [‎64r] (127/145)

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The record is made up of 1 file (71 folios). It was created in 24 Mar 1927-22 Jan 1942. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[This Document is the Property of Hit Britannic Majesty's Government.]
i ^ |
PERSIA. ' i L June 8 ’ 1927 J
, • rj "/
CONFIDENTIAL. . Section 5.
[E 2514/1343/34]
No. 1.
Sir R.Clive to Sir Austen Chamberlain.—(Received June 8.)
(No. 224.)
gj r Jr 01 Tehran, May 19, 1927.
’ WITH reference to my despatch No. 139 of the 24th March, I have the honour to
transmit to you herewith copies of the French texts of the Treaty of Friendship and
the Commercial Convention signed on the 19th March, 1927, between Persia and
Poland, which have been obtained from the Persian Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
2. They can doubtless be regarded as the type of treaties which the Persian
Government will seek to make with the Powers whose treaties have recently been
3. The Treaty of Friendship is based on complete equality and reciprocity.
Otherwise it appears to call for no special comment except that under article 4 Polish
consular representatives will presumably be debarred from the exemption from the
payment of customs dues, which the consuls of other nations at present enjoy.
1 4. In the Commercial Convention, it will be noted that, by article 4, Polish
citizens, like those of other nations, will enjoy the right to acquire and dispose of
houses and buildings in Persia for their habitation or for business purposes. The
clause in the treaty regarding the right to possess other real property is far from clear.
I understand, however, from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs that this right does not,
in fact, accrue to Poles in Persia owing to an order made in the year 1305 a.h.
(1887-88), and communicated at the time to all foreign Legations, which has the force
of law, to'the effect that no foreigners had the right to acquire real property in Persia
(houses and buildings for habitation or business purposes being excepted). The
practical effect of the clause is therefore, I am informed, that, on condition of
reciprocity, Polish nationals would acquire this right were this law at any time
5. Article 7 of the Commercial Convention appears to define and extend the
right of restricting imports and exports reserved by Persia under article 3 of the
Anglo-Persian Convention of 1903. The phrase “a sauvegarder Factivite economi-
que de la nation,” in particular, seems capable of very wide interpretation.
6 Under article 6, it would presumably be possible for Poland to claim that the
1903 tariff, rather than the 1920 tariff, was applicable to their goods, since the former
is still applied to Russian goods; and as I understand the chief Polish article of export
to Persia is cotton goods, which pay twice as much under the 1920 as under the 1903
tariff, it would certainly pay them to do so. I will endeavour to obtain further
information on this point.
I have, &c.
Enclosure 1 in No. 1.
Traite d'Amitie entre VEmpire de Perse et la serenissime Republique de Pologne.
SA Majeste imperiale le Chahenchah de Perse, dune part, et le President de la
serenissime Republique de Pologne, d'autre part, inspires du desir de retablir les
liens de sincere amitie qui ont ton jours existe entre T Empire de Perse et la serenissime
Republique de Pologne dans le passe, et convaincus que la consolidation de ces rela
tions, fondees sur le principe de reciprocite et d egalite parfaite, contribuera a la
prosperite et au bien-etre de leurs nations respectives, sont tombes d'accord de con-
clure un Traite d'Amitie et ont a cet effet nomine pour leurs plenipotentiaires, savoir :
Sa Majeste imperiale le Chah : Ali Gholi Khan Ansari, Ministre des Affaires
etraii (r pres dG f^crsc ^
Le President de la serenissime Republique de Pologne : M. Stanislas Hempel,
Charge d’Affaires de la Republique de Pologne en Perse;
[156 h—5]

About this item


Correspondence and other papers relating to diplomatic and commercial relations between Persia [Iran] and Poland, and Persia and Japan. The file includes: a copy (in French) of a Treaty of Friendship and Commercial Convention, signed between Persia and Poland in 1927; correspondence (some in French) concerning relations between Persia and Japan, culminating in the signing of a treaty of commerce and navigation between the two countries in 1932 (not included in the file); correspondence and extracts from the diary of the British Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Consulate at Bushire, dated 1935, reporting on a concession awarded to Japanese commercial interests by the Persian Government to mine rock salt on Qishm Island [Qeshm]; correspondence dated 1940 from HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in Tehran, Reader William Bullard, reporting that the Polish Chargé d’Affaires in Tehran has not received a dinner invitation to celebrate the Shah’s [Reza Shah Pahlavi] birthday. Subsequent correspondence concerns the decision for Bullard to decline the invitation to dinner, along with his French counterpart; correspondence dated 1941-1942 concerning relations between Persia and Japan, prior to and immediately after Japan’s entry into the Second World War.

The file’s principal correspondents are: HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Tehran, Robert Henry Clive, Reginald Hervey Hoare, Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen, and Reader William Bullard; the Foreign Office.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (71 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 72; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 28/54 ‘Persia. Perso-Polish and Perso-Japanese Relations.’ [‎64r] (127/145), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3459, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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