Coll 6/67(6) 'Boundaries of South-Eastern Arabia and Qatar: Trucial Coast Oil Concessions' [65r] (136/402)
The record is made up of 1 file (195 folios). It was created in 30 Jun 1940-30 Mar 1948. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
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DPP.JlTljENT.Ii NQ.l ,
FROM :FOREIGN OFFICE TO JSDMu
3rd x^prll, 1847.
D: 6.35 p.m, 3rd ^pril, 1947
J.I J.± Ux
Paragraph 5 of i.ir. 3axtoi:’s Ie11or 3 No, E 1521/160/25 \
[of the 22nd March: Bau^><NrShia - Qatar frontier questin-nl
y There is a possibility that, in order to force the
issue of what their concession does or does not cover,
the ahian-inerican Oil Company might decide to drill
in the sea bed off the area which is in dispite between
Saudi ^rabia and Qatar./
^ It seems undesirable that the issue should be
forced in this way; and it therefore^seems necessary
to ensure that the sea bed off the disputed zone should
be left alone by the Oil Companies concerned, in the
same way that the disputed land area is being left alon^.
The best way of securing this on the bauoi side would,
we think, be-to approach Ibn Baud, co explain ^Nat
modern technical developments made it possible ao drill
in the sea, to express the view that it is our common
interest that no action should be takento accentuate
the divergence of view about the Saudi-Qatar xroncioi,
and to suggest that he should tell his Oil Company tnat,
lust as he has told them not to enter the land area m
dispute, so they should not drill in^the sea bed oil
that area, until a final settlement is reached^ on this
We should be glad to have your views on the
above by telegram, since, before we can instruct_you to
make any approach to Ibn Baud wo would wisn uo aiscuss
matter with the State departmenta
[Copy sent to Middle East Secretariat],
About this item
This volume concerns British policy regarding the south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia, specifically its border with Qatar.
The correspondence and memoranda near the beginning of the volume discuss from a British perspective the origins and recent history of the boundary dispute, which is described as having been in abeyance since 1938; much of the later correspondence is concerned with whether the British should make renewed attempts to reach an agreement with Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] .
References are made to various existing and proposed boundary lines, the most recent of the latter is the 'Riyadh line' (the name given to the boundary proposed by the British to the Saudi Government in November 1935, referred to elsewhere as the 'final offer').
Notable correspondents include the following: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Charles Geoffrey Prior, succeeded by William Rupert Hay); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Reginald George Alban, Edward Birkbeck Wakefield, and Cornelius James Pelly); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Stanley R Jordan, succeeded by Laurence Barton Grafftey-Smith); officials of the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Government of India's External Affairs Department, and the Ministry of Fuel and Power (Petroleum Division); representatives of the United States' State Department, Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited, Petroleum Concessions Limited, and the Iraq Petroleum Company respectively.
Related matters of discussion include:
- Ibn Saud's claims regarding the south-eastern frontiers of Saudi Arabia, particularly those relating to Jebel Nakhsh [Khashm an Nakhsh, Qatar] and Khor-el-Odeid [Khawr al ‘Udayd, Qatar].
- Reports in 1941 of a rumour that the Shaikh of Qatar [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī] and Ibn Saud have reached an agreement regarding the Saudi-Qatar boundary.
- The likelihood of oil prospecting either near or within the disputed territory, and its implications for the territorial dispute.
- British concerns in 1947 regarding the possibility of the Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco) initiating drilling operations in the seabed near to the disputed territory.
- The precise location of proposed drillings by Petroleum Concessions Limited in the Qatar Peninsula.
- A reported complaint in 1947 from the Shaikh of Abu Dhabi [Shaikh Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan] that Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited has laid buoys in his territorial waters.
- Whether the British should permit or impede a proposed survey in Qatar by Petroleum Concessions Limited, which is thought likely to provoke protests from Ibn Saud.
Also included are three maps depicting the eastern and south eastern parts of the Arabian Peninsula.
The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (195 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 195; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.
Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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