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Coll 30/148 'Qatar: Question of ownership of Zubarah.' [‎41r] (81/297)

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The record is made up of 1 file (147 folios). It was created in 28 Apr 1937-16 Sep 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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3
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t (h. O > (
- t &' ?■ Cu i
{ A^M- fc-
^ (Q*U'+a. L*a
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away /more in presents to the al Than! Shaikhs, v^ho would
irequently ask lor this ana that and would never be denied
Out instantly t;iven what they asKea for. They were like
brothers and the country v*ts one country -- they made no
distinction between the al Than! ana themselves. He then
proceeded to make a very lengthy survey ol the hubara case
and said that all bahrain’s foreign relatione were in our
hands and that they relied on us. When there was the ler-
sian claim, his lather had entrusted its defence to us and
we had defended their rights, and in every instance, except
in that of hubara we hac not fallen short. Who could they
turn to except the British Government. i could not follow
all his Highness* arguments, as 1 had not the details of
this case at my fingers* ends, but he made it clear that
they were much more disturbed by the loss of face than the
loss of property ana said that he was certain some arrange
ment coulc be made ana th&t he relied on us to make it. He
finally produced a map anc pointing to tne neutral *ones
between Kuwait and Iraq and Sauci Arabia conveyed that some
thing on those lines could tie arranged with Qatar too. I
pointed out that if the Zubare question was re-opened the
^atar Shaikh would almost certainly re-open his clsim to the
*
Hawar Islands, enc that I thought it better to tell him
frankly that 1 was afraid my views on this would probably
not agree with his. He smiled at this anc spoke for some
time about their claim which, "the world knew", was fully
justified, but aia not press it. I repeated again tngt i
doubtec if we saw eye to eye on this subject. As I had
been an hour arid a half with him, 1 soon mace excuses and
took my leave.
5. Gn my return i aiscusseo the interview with the ioli-
tical A fc ent, who pointed out that particular interest attached
to /-

About this item

Content

The file concerns the dispute between the rulers of Bahrain and Qatar concerning sovereignty over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar mainland. Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. was said to have 'considerable sentimental value' (folio 68) to the Al Khalifah family, as they originally came from there to take over Bahrain; however, in both 1875 and 1919 it had been decided by the British Government that the Shaikh of Bahrain's claims to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. could not be substantiated (folios 136 and 128). The file contains India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes on the subject, and correspondence and reports from, in particular, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.

The papers include: tensions caused by unrest at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. among the Naim [Āl Na‘īm] tribe, who acknowledged the sovereignty of Bahrain; a letter from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle) summarising the history of Bahrain's claim (folios 125-131); reports of negotiations between the two sides concerning the claim, and British opinion on the matter; the need to avoid weakening the British case for the integrity of the Qatar peninsula against Ibn Saud [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] (folio 83); reports that the Naim had submitted to the Ruler of Qatar, July 1937; the implications of the dispute for the Qatar and Bahrain Unallotted Area oil concessions; reports of an attempted mediation in the dispute by the Shaikh of Kuwait, October-November 1937; the risk of a linkage between the dispute and Qatar's claim to the Hawar Islands (folio 41); an account of negotiations conducted by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Major Tom Hickinbotham), which led to the signing of an agreement by the rulers of Bahrain and Qatar [Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, respectively] to restore friendly relations, June 1944 (letter and text of agreement, folios 24-28, and folio 16); and the statements that relations between the two rulers were now 'as bad as ever' (folio 6) and that the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. question was 'by no means settled' (folio 4), 1945-46.

The Arabic language content of the file consists of a single letter from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (folio 17).

The file also contains copies of correspondence dated 1875 (folios 91-94).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (147 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 148; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/148 'Qatar: Question of ownership of Zubarah.' [‎41r] (81/297), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3883, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100049391886.0x000054> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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