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Coll 30/148 'Qatar: Question of ownership of Zubarah.' [‎46r] (91/297)

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The record is made up of 1 file (147 folios). It was created in 28 Apr 1937-16 Sep 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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COPY.
/ JO*-
(E 7593/7593/91).
No. 2607/1177/10.
British Legation
Jedda,
Saudi Arabia
October 28th, 1939
My dear Baxter,
You will remember the friendly interest that Ibn
Saud takes in the Zubara dispute between Bahrain and
Qatar, This is mentioned in my despatch No. 18 (222/469/3)
dated February 1st, 1938. There is also a reference which
I cannot now trace, in a despatch about a later conversation
with Ibn Saud himself on that and other subjects.
Shaikh Yusuf referred to the subject just before I
left Riyadh. He said that Ibn Saud had spoken about it,
not officially, of course, but personally, to the Political
Agent at Bahrain when he was there in May, and he now wished
to give me a personal message, reminding me of the interest
which he as ?n Arab ruler takes in the matter and expressing
the hope that His Majesty’s G-overnment would be able to bring
about a settlement. I accepted this communication as a personal
message and thanked Shaikh Yusuf for it, and added that the King
could hardly suppose that His Majesty’s Government viewed
with anything but regret the continuation of a dispute between
two of the Arab rulers in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
A copy of this letter is being sent to the political
Resident in the Gulf, and a copy to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain.
Yours ever,
(Signed) R.W.Bullard.
G.W. Baxter, Esq., C*M»G., M.G.,
Foreign Office

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Content

The file concerns the dispute between the rulers of Bahrain and Qatar concerning sovereignty over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar mainland. Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. was said to have 'considerable sentimental value' (folio 68) to the Al Khalifah family, as they originally came from there to take over Bahrain; however, in both 1875 and 1919 it had been decided by the British Government that the Shaikh of Bahrain's claims to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. could not be substantiated (folios 136 and 128). The file contains India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes on the subject, and correspondence and reports from, in particular, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.

The papers include: tensions caused by unrest at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. among the Naim [Āl Na‘īm] tribe, who acknowledged the sovereignty of Bahrain; a letter from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle) summarising the history of Bahrain's claim (folios 125-131); reports of negotiations between the two sides concerning the claim, and British opinion on the matter; the need to avoid weakening the British case for the integrity of the Qatar peninsula against Ibn Saud [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] (folio 83); reports that the Naim had submitted to the Ruler of Qatar, July 1937; the implications of the dispute for the Qatar and Bahrain Unallotted Area oil concessions; reports of an attempted mediation in the dispute by the Shaikh of Kuwait, October-November 1937; the risk of a linkage between the dispute and Qatar's claim to the Hawar Islands (folio 41); an account of negotiations conducted by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Major Tom Hickinbotham), which led to the signing of an agreement by the rulers of Bahrain and Qatar [Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, respectively] to restore friendly relations, June 1944 (letter and text of agreement, folios 24-28, and folio 16); and the statements that relations between the two rulers were now 'as bad as ever' (folio 6) and that the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. question was 'by no means settled' (folio 4), 1945-46.

The Arabic language content of the file consists of a single letter from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (folio 17).

The file also contains copies of correspondence dated 1875 (folios 91-94).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (147 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 148; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/148 'Qatar: Question of ownership of Zubarah.' [‎46r] (91/297), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3883, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100049391886.0x00005e> [accessed 16 September 2019]

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