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Coll 30/110(2) 'Oil: Oil concessions on the Trucial Coast. Negotiations with Sheikhs. Ras-al-Khaimah Agreement. Abu Dhabi.' [‎95v] (190/917)

The record is made up of 1 file (453 folios). It was created in 18 Jun 1936-15 Jul 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(2)
telegraph installations or in connection with the development of
harbours, provided that with the consent of His Majesty*s Government
which shall not be unreasonably withheld the Company shall have the
right to use for the purposes of its operations such harbours as may be
developed by the Sheikh or His Majesty’s Government if there is not
reasonable harbour accommodation available elsewhere. Subject to the
terms of the agreement between the Company and the Sheikh harbours ^
developed by the Company shall be under its complete and exclusive
control.
8. TELEGRAPH, wireless and telephone installations, if any, maintained
by the Company shall be for use only in its business and as provided in
the concession, and shall be so constructed and operated that their
operations shall not interfere with the operations of such wireless,
telegraph or telephone installations as may be established by the Sheikh
ov His Majesty’s Government, or their agent.
9. IN the event of a state of national emergency or war (of the
existence of either of which His Majesty’s Government shall be the sole
judge) His Majesty’s Government shall have the right of pre-emption of
all the oil produced in[Ras al Khaimahlin accordance with the terms of
the Schedule hereto.
10 .
THE Company shall obtain the prior permission of the Sheikh before
working in any particular area, in order that the Sheikh may be in a
position to fulfil his responsibilities for the protection of the
Company. [The Sheikh shall not unreasonably withhold such permission,
and Jin any case in which the Company feels that the free movement of its
personnel within the concession area is being unnecessarily restricted
the matter shall be referred^for deoisioijto the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. .
IN the event of notice of termination of the Agreement between the
Company and the Sheikh being given on the ground that the Company has
failed to observe any of the terms of the present Agreement between the
Company and His Majesty’s Government, the arbitration provisions of the
said Agreement between the Company and the Sheikh shall apply if the
Company considers that notice of termination on such grounds is not
justified, and in that event the Sheikh shall not cancel the said
Agreement until arbitration takes place in accordance with the said
provisions and unless the Company fails to comply with the award of the
arbitrators within the reasonable time which shall be fixed by the
arbitrators for so doing.J
IN WITNESS whereof]^ John Charles Walton C.B.J on behalf of
His Majesty’s Government has hereunto set his hand and seal and the
Company has hereunto caused its Common Seal to be affixed the day and
year first above written
THE SCHEDULE above referred to
Pre-emption Clause . * 1 2
In the event of a state of national emergency or war (of the
existence of which His Majesty’s Government shall be the sole judge) -
(1) His Majesty’s Government shall have the right of pre-emption of
all crude oil gotten under the Concession granted by the Sheikh to the
Company and of all the products thereof and shall have the right to
require the Company to the extent of any refining capacity it may have
in lias al Khaimah; to produce oil fuel that shall comply with the
Admiralty specifications at the time provided that [Ras al Khaimah oil
be of a suitable kind and quality for this purpose.
(2) The Company shall use its utmost endeavours to increase so far
as reasonably possible with existing facilities the supply of oil and/or
products thereof for the Government to the extent required by the
Government.

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Content

The file concerns negotiations between Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) and the rulers of several states on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. over oil concession agreements. Petroleum Concessions Limited was the company approved by the British Government to seek oil concessions in the area; it later operated under its subsidiary company Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Limited. The papers principally relate to Ras-al-Khaimah and Abu Dhabi, but also concern Dubai, Sharjah, Umm-al-Qaiwain, Ajman, and Kalba.

The papers consist of correspondence and memoranda issued by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; and correspondence from the oil companies involved and local rulers (including four folios in Arabic, with English translations).

The papers cover: correspondence concerning undertakings by local rulers to protect oil surveying parties in their territories, and the amount of their liability in the event of any incidents; the involvement of Major Frank Holmes and Haji Williamson [William Richard Williamson]; the demarcation of boundaries in the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ; draft agreements relating to Ras-al-Khaimah; British concern over interest in the area on the part of the American company California Arabian Standard Oil; the definition of the phrase 'the Trucial Sheikhs' (folios 386-387); papers concerning a request by PCL for permission from the British Government to employ a French assistant geologist (August-September 1937); a PCL report on the progress of negotiations in Abu Thabi [Abu Dhabi], February 1938 (folios 218-226); other draft agreements; minutes of meetings between British officials and PCL; statement giving the financial terms of certain oil agreements in Arabia (folios 144-147); and the prolongation of the agreement between the Ruler of Ras-al-Khaimah, Shaikh Sultan bin Salem, and Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Limited in 1941, as a result of the international situation (the Second World War, 1939-45).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (453 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 454; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-454; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/110(2) 'Oil: Oil concessions on the Trucial Coast. Negotiations with Sheikhs. Ras-al-Khaimah Agreement. Abu Dhabi.' [‎95v] (190/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3836, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100050244071.0x0000c1> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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