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Coll 6/67(2) 'Boundaries of South-Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [‎66v] (137/734)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (363 folios). It was created in 26 Jan 1934-1 May 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4
them. We have repeatedly formally recognised ooJa
as the property of Abu Dhabi in the last 60 years
and the sheikh still maintains a claim to both. We
are on strong grouna historically in dealing with the
Saudis on this point. Equally we should insist on
holding on to the Wells of Banaiyan, w hich are an
important key point in this area^ subject to this,
the line on the North is not so bacf^ndit is
satisfactory that in the eastern portion thei , e~~i-s no
suggestion of a Saudi claim to Baraimi or to any of
the minor Trncial She ikiihoms in the Mus^and im
peninsula.
* Oc
hd’ JO *-1
hi*%. / /3i—^
^ -SnUy.
I / A- -
' U
(c) We had better refuse to make any concession ^ ^
beyond Parall-ei 53 in full sovereignty, though I see
^ ^CWH.
no reason, given the probably worthless character of
the central Desert and the extreme difficulty of
exploiting minerals, etc. in it, why we should not
go so far.
(i) On this the Saudis themselves admit that
they have opened their mouths rather wide and we
are in a strong position (our information being
probably much better than theirs) to contest their
claims.
10 « I might be authorised to take the above
line in any discussions and to suggest that the
Mnister should continue to play a close game with
the Saudis. The Foreign Office suggestion that we
should make our full concessions in an open-handed
manner and at once aoes not, I suggest, really
represent the right tactics in this area. We are
making very suostantial concessions to ibn saud by
giving him a line bounded on the East even by
Parallel 53; we should be formally recognising his
sovereignty over an area In which, so far as we know,
he exercises little, If any, real control. Ana it
frit
^
A-J
A v

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Content

This volume concerns British policy regarding the south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia.

It documents preparations for negotiations with the Saudi Government, and includes interdepartmental discussion regarding the approach that the British Government should take in reaching a settlement with Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] over the demarcation of the boundaries.

The areas of territory discussed include that which separates Saudi Arabia and the Aden Protectorate in the south, that which extends to the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman in the south-east, and the area extending to the south of Qatar in the east.

Reference is made to the 'blue line' and the 'violet line' – boundary lines that formed part of the Anglo-Ottoman Conventions, concluded in 1913 and 1914 respectively.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The likely consequences of not settling on defined boundaries.
  • The extent of territory that the British should be prepared to include in any concession made to Ibn Saud.
  • The legal distinction between personal and territorial sovereignty.
  • References made by Fuad Bey Hamza (Deputy Saudi Minister for Foreign Affairs) during conversations with Sir Andrew Ryan (His Majesty's Minister at Jedda), regarding certain assurances made by Sir Henry McMahon to King Hussein of the Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī] in 1915, on the subject of Arab independence (a summary of a letter from King Hussein to McMahon, together with a copy of McMahon's reply, is included in the volume).
  • Tribal history in Trucial Oman between 1918 and 1934.
  • The Koweit [Kuwait] blockade.
  • The boundaries of a proposed 'desert zone', roughly following the edge of the sands of the Ruba al Khali and considered by the British as a possible concession but later abandoned.
  • Abu Dhabi's claims to Odeid [Al ‘Udayd, Saudi Arabia] and Banaiyan [Bi’r Bunayyān, Saudi Arabia].

The volume features the following principal correspondents: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Percy Gordon Loch); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); Bernard Rawdon Reilly (Chief Commissioner, Aden, but referred to in the correspondence as Resident); officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Air Ministry, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department.

In addition to correspondence, the volume contains a sketch map and a copy of draft minutes of a meeting of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, dated 15 April 1935.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 4).

Extent and format
1 volume (363 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 365; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/67(2) 'Boundaries of South-Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [‎66v] (137/734), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2135, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100054083083.0x00008a> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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