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File 469/1917 Pt 1 'Persia: Bakhtiari affairs' [‎93r] (195/535)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (260 folios). It was created in 10 May 1915-9 Jul 1920. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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From Sir P. Cox, Basra, 21st September 191G.
(Addressed to Foreign, repeated to Secretary of State for India.)
(R.) 4823. Following from Noel, No. 436, dated 19th, received
“So far chief lever for keeping Bakhtiaris up to criterion has been
• »ertrp+e that their good behaviour might make it possible for us to make
things easier for them at Ispahan wit h Russians. After they had resi sted
ternptataon~tolutack Ispahan and occasionyjeven take/action/which materially -
upset German plan, and clearly showed that tribe as a whole had held strictly
aloof from offensive movement, they and I had hopes that Russians might be
ready to reconsider their attitude.
“ As a result of conversation with Russian authorities here, I find that far
from being prepared to relax their attitude, they are determined to increase
its uncompromising severity. It is obvious that they are using the Zil-es-
Sultan to put screw on Bakhtiaris, and keep it on. They have placed blockade
on Bakhtiari, resulting in considerable financial loss to tribe, and they are
oidy too ready to fall in with any scheme of Governor’s calculated to harry
and exasperate them further.
“ Russian Consul informed Grahame and me that after Azizabad fight
question of punitive action against tribe had been raised, and Russian com
mandant stated to me that it was only exhaustion of his horses and difficulty
of moving his guns which deterred him from trailing his infantry through
the heart of Chahar Mahal.
“ Russians are either unwilling or unable to see Bakhtiari situation from
our point of view. They do not realise that general Bakhtiari offensive on
Ispahan, if it materialise, will probably lead to our having to protect
oilfields. From Russian point of view of course Bakhtiari attack on Ispahan
is of no great consequence, as its failure is foregone conclusion.
“ As it seems impossible to get Russian authorities here to adopt reasonable
attitude towards Bakhtiaris, I would again draw attention to remedy I have
continuously suggested since arrival in July, viz., posting of small regular
force in Chahar Mahal, so as to prevent repetition of such incidents as the
march (of) German Charge d’Affaires'following on Ispahan, and thus control
Bakhtiari relations with Russia.
“ With this consideration in view, I trust proposal mentioned in Sykes’s
j telegram No. 632 C. will be adopted, but at the same time I would point out
that what is required is a permanent force in Chahar Mahal.
“ Addressed to Tehran, repeated to Basra, Ispahan, and Sykes. ’

About this item


The file contains papers, mainly correspondence and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minute papers, mostly relating to the situation in the Bakhtiari [Baḵtīārī] territory in Persia [Iran], during the First World War. It includes papers concerning British negotiations with the Bakhtiari khans, and the agreement of February 1917 signed by Charles Murray Marling, HM Minister to Iran, and the principal Bakhtiari khans.

The file also includes papers which relate to relations between the Bakhtiaris and the Russians in Persia, and the payment of £2,500 made to the Bakhtiari khans in December 1915 by Dr Young of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, in connection with the agreement concluded by Young with the Bakhtiari Sardars.

The main correspondents include: the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Foreign Office; the Chief Political Officer, Basra (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the Government of India Foreign and Political Department; HM Minister, Tehran; HM Consul, Kerman; HM Consul, Sistan and Kain; and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The file includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (260 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 469 (Persia: Bakhtiari affairs) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/652-653. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 260; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 469/1917 Pt 1 'Persia: Bakhtiari affairs' [‎93r] (195/535), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/652, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 February 2020]

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