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File 469/1917 Pt 1 'Persia: Bakhtiari affairs' [‎212r] (435/535)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (260 folios). It was created in 10 May 1915-9 Jul 1920. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Telegram P., No. 443-F., dated (and received) the 9th November 1915.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
Clear the Line. Reference my telegram immediately preceding. Minis
ter of Education called last night about 9-30 and stayed till 1-20 a.m. He said
he had been sent by Cabinet to obtain answers on two points {a) on what
terms we would withdraw troops to Kasvin and (5) on what terms were we
prepared to negotiate for Persia’s benevolent neutrality on terms communi
cated by Minister for Foreign Affairs to us.
There was, I said, little to add as regards («) to what Russian Minister
and I had already told Minister for Foreign Affairs, that is that it did not lie
(? with) us. It seemed to me as if hint thrown out by Minister for Foreign-
Affairs about Government retiring to Ispahan was nothing but a threat
( ? that) if we did not agree to Persia’s requirements in return for her bene
volent neutrality, Persia would throw in her lot with Germany. I was not
much impressed by threat as I was convinced Shah would not care to take
left seat in Prince Reuss carriage and I knew Cabinet did not wush to see
Persia involved in war which could only have results for ber which would be
disastrous.
If in its profess (ions ?) towards us Government was sincere it should have
the courage to declare its policy openly and let the world know that it frankly
accepted our assurances (that) the troops had been moved merely to insure
safety of Legation, etc , and had no purpose of an unfriendly kind. We had
by according moratorium already given proof of our friendliness and we must
have some corresponding sign from Persia. His Excellency said that
the approach of troops might have disastrous effects in provinces. I retort (ed ?)
that position of our Consuls could hardly be worse than it is if there is any
objection to entirely passive attitude of Government and gendarmerie’s
open hostility. As to {h) whole thing looked like blackmail but we were
now in a position of defence ? ? I replied ? ? and to ask us to abandon that
advantage was ridiculous. If troops now withdrew to Kasvin I should pro
bably be in same plight myself as Consul, Shiraz, who has not been able to
leave his garden for two months. That position I declined to accept.
Nearer troops came the better I should be pleased. As to substance of
Persian proposals the more I thought of them the less I understood spirit
in which they had been framed. To accept them in principle as he suggested
sounded well but any acceptance at all as regards two of them was fully
impossible (?) I would communicate them to you and report your reply
to Persian Government.
It was significant that Minister said little or nothing about departure to
Ispahan and so long as we stand fast and allow troops to move nearer
situation may be saved. If we show weakness it certainly will be lost.
In German Legation there is great activity large quantities of flour
furniture, etc., are being packed some being (?) sent to American Legation
during the night. Town perfectly quiet,
Secret. I think that Russian Minister is scarcely adopting an attitude
of strength,
Addressed to Foreign Office, sent Petrograd.
30
Telegram P,, No. 445-F., dated (and received) the 10th November 1915.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
Kindly refer to my telegram No. 443-F.

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Content

The file contains papers, mainly correspondence and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minute papers, mostly relating to the situation in the Bakhtiari [Baḵtīārī] territory in Persia [Iran], during the First World War. It includes papers concerning British negotiations with the Bakhtiari khans, and the agreement of February 1917 signed by Charles Murray Marling, HM Minister to Iran, and the principal Bakhtiari khans.

The file also includes papers which relate to relations between the Bakhtiaris and the Russians in Persia, and the payment of £2,500 made to the Bakhtiari khans in December 1915 by Dr Young of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, in connection with the agreement concluded by Young with the Bakhtiari Sardars.

The main correspondents include: the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Foreign Office; the Chief Political Officer, Basra (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the Government of India Foreign and Political Department; HM Minister, Tehran; HM Consul, Kerman; HM Consul, Sistan and Kain; and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The file includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (260 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 469 (Persia: Bakhtiari affairs) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/652-653. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 260; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 469/1917 Pt 1 'Persia: Bakhtiari affairs' [‎212r] (435/535), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/652, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100054148781.0x000024> [accessed 21 February 2020]

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