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File 469/1917 Pt 1 'Persia: Bakhtiari affairs' [‎260r] (531/535)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (260 folios). It was created in 10 May 1915-9 Jul 1920. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(££>
23
Secret Department.
FOREIGN SECRET TELEGRAMS
From Sir P. Cox, l Oth May 1915.
(Addressed foreign, repeated Tehran, Bushire, Ispahan, and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .)
IOSl* R Reference to Minister, Tehran, I6J to Foreign Office. Following-
i~ : out look as regards Baklitiaris. Sirdar Jang and Bahadur are at Dizful.
( have exchanged friendly letters with them regarding Arabistan affairs
an i i )yer s murder, but representative thev sent down to see me was not
plenipotentiary, and neither Sheikh of Alohammerah nor 1 felt able to discuss
any secret or important matters with him. I am awaiting opportunity to
meet them at Ramuz very soon.
-Sii dar Jang > attitude, however, m regard to incursion of Turkish troops,
fanatical n„s>ag in Shuster, safe conduct of Wassmuss, and rising in
Arabistan has been most equivocal, and even his staunch adherent, Dr. Young",
wired, on -?7th Apiil that Sirdars present attitude excited his grave
suspicion.
Sheikh of Mohammerah reminds me Bakhtiaris are not a one great body
nit a main -neaded monstei | that their interests are now no longer limited
to Rikhtiari country, but that they have stretched their tentacles all over
1 ei-^ia, and though he thinks trom self-interest they will not enter seriously
into war, he is not confident of their being ready to enter into any
compact with him and us.
As be lore stated, however, he is prepared in our joint interests to enter
into mailimonial project il it proves likely to promote an agreement.
In view ol Sirdar Jangs recent attitude it is possible he may seek to
avoid open meeting with me or my representative; in that case 1 would
propose to semi Haji Rais to represent me as well as Sheikh of Mohammerah.
W e could hardly have a better emissiary for the purpose in view.
Altei pointing out what Bakhtiaris stand to lose by joining in hostilities
agaiu>t us. and what they may gain by peaceful co-operation with Sheikh and
us, we should state following requirements.
Jhe^ must jrefuse to take up arms against us, and must do their utmost
t > discourage ji^ad generally, and vigorous suppression of it within their
til a I teim )i\. 1 hey must maintain internal order and secure escort in
sphen o( oil company, also on Ahwaz-Ispahan road and at Ispahan itself,
where their representative must protect all subjects of Great Britain and
ner Allies and must maintain security of road and telegraph lines up to Kars
boundary,
They must cope to a permanent friendly understanding with Sheikh of
Mohaumierah add give him all necessary co-operation in Arabistan by
refusing to harbour refugees from his territory and by maintaining peace on
border. Fheir representative at Behbehan must likewise suppress fanaticism
and maintain order there and refrain from all interference with Lirawi or with
Sheikh if Mohammerah’s tribes in that vicinity. Any Bakhtiari being a
Ppvuricial Gorenjor in Southern Persia at time of outbreak of war must do
his best to prpteef British subjects and interests, suppress fanaticism and
keep [ ■ Bakhtian] quiet and neutral.
In return for this we should undertake on conclusion of war to preserve
t>akhtiari country with its present limits for liibe anrl give Khans local
Autonomy to deal with their own tribesmen in ow i way undor our
should agree to keep Bakhtiari Governor
guidance and be prepared lo consider Bukhtiari-cambc ,o -
other governorships in sphere controlhHi by u>. We should be prepared a r
°n to consider sympathetically any workable proposal thc\ might put for
obtaining access to ports on Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . ■>?. ^.g|
On receiving undertaking to the effect required bon, revognised repre
sentatives of two families we would pay eficTTbrancii each now and
10,000L each at end of war if they carry out died part of tpc Un-gam.
effectively.

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Content

The file contains papers, mainly correspondence and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minute papers, mostly relating to the situation in the Bakhtiari [Baḵtīārī] territory in Persia [Iran], during the First World War. It includes papers concerning British negotiations with the Bakhtiari khans, and the agreement of February 1917 signed by Charles Murray Marling, HM Minister to Iran, and the principal Bakhtiari khans.

The file also includes papers which relate to relations between the Bakhtiaris and the Russians in Persia, and the payment of £2,500 made to the Bakhtiari khans in December 1915 by Dr Young of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, in connection with the agreement concluded by Young with the Bakhtiari Sardars.

The main correspondents include: the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Foreign Office; the Chief Political Officer, Basra (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the Government of India Foreign and Political Department; HM Minister, Tehran; HM Consul, Kerman; HM Consul, Sistan and Kain; and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The file includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (260 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 469 (Persia: Bakhtiari affairs) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/652-653. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 260; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 469/1917 Pt 1 'Persia: Bakhtiari affairs' [‎260r] (531/535), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/652, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100054148781.0x000084> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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