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Coll 28/96 ‘Persia. Judicial. Persian law regarding smuggling. Position of foreigners.’ [‎48r] (95/122)

The record is made up of 1 file (59 folios). It was created in 29 Dec 1936-17 Feb 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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FILE COP
In any further communication
this subject, please quote
n»- E 6589/6589/34.
and address—
not to any per mm by name
but to—
“ The Under-Secretary of State,”
Foreign Office,
London, S.W.l.
920 4
| 1 9 3 B
f \ ■»
Sir,
Foreign Office.
S.W.l.
23rd December, 1936.
(i/wj
hi***
I am directed "by Mr. Secretary Eden to transmit
to you, to "be laid iDefore the Marquess of Zetland, the
accompanying copy of a despatch from His Majesty’s Charge
d’Affaires at Tehran on the subject”of a Persian law, passed
on the 9th July, 1936, for the better prevention of smuggling.
In this despatch Mr. Butler also raises the general question
of the ’’Safeguards” i.e. the assurances contained in
0 i 1 * i X
M. Pakrevan’s note of the 10th May, 1928, to Sir Robert Clive
(see Treaty Series Ho.43 of 1935 - Ca4^ 5054).
2, The problems which Mr. Butler raises may
conveniently be considered under the following four headings,
of which the first two cover the law itself and the second two
the ’’Safeguards”:
(a) Is the law compatible with the ’’Safeguards”?
(b) Apart from the ’’Safeguards”, is the law open to
objection in itself?
(c) Has the expiry of the Tariff Autonomy Treaty of
10th May, 192b, affected the validity of the
’’Safeguards”?
(d) Leaving the Tariff Autonomy Treaty on one side,
what is today the validity of the ’’Safeguards"?
V/ith regard to (a) a comparison of the new law
with Section 3 of the ’’Safeguards” certainly suggests that
the/
The Under Secretary of State,
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

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Content

Correspondence concerning the compatibility of legal safeguards in relation to the expiration of the Tariff Autonomy Treaty, agreed between the British and Persian Governments on 10 May 1928, and a new law passed by the Government of Iran in 1936 that authorised the use of the death penalty against armed smugglers, as well as their trial by military court (i.e. behind closed doors). An English translation of the law is included in the file (f 58). The file’s principal correspondents are: HM Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Tehran, Horace James Seymour; the British Counsellor at the Legation in Tehran, Nevile Montagu Butler; and the Foreign Office. Correspondence includes: concerns raised amongst various British Government officials over the new law; a letter detailing concerns about the new law, sent by Seymour to the Iranian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Enayatollah Samiy (ff 26-28). A letter sent by Butler to the Foreign Office, dated 1 October 1936, contains an extract of French text: a portion of a memorandum written by the Armenian lawyer Raphael Aghababoff (ff 54-57).

Extent and format
1 file (59 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 61; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 28/96 ‘Persia. Judicial. Persian law regarding smuggling. Position of foreigners.’ [‎48r] (95/122), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3502, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100054934526.0x000060> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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