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File 1110/1916 Pt 2 'Persia: SITUATION Miscellaneous' [‎79r] (162/276)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (271 folios). It was created in 1916-1920. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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concluded by referring to our successful co-operation eighteen years ago
S 2 ainst tbe Karwanis and to our friendship. In reply I explained the nature
of the Mission. This concluded a reception which, thanks to Captain Hall
Thompson, Qammanding H.M.N.Z.S. “Philomel 0 , and Mr. Howson, His
Majesty’s Vice-Consul, was a conspicuous success and proved that British
prestige in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. is very high.
4. I now turn to the organisation of the Police, The difficult question of
pay had formed the subject of much discussion and thought. I did not aim
ut competing with German rates as they were obviously temporary, but I was
ready to pay a little above the market wage to secure men rapidly. I finally
decided to pay as follows :—
Infantry ... 10 Tomans.
Cavalry (horse and forage found by Gov- 12 „
Artillery ... ... ... 12 „
Each rank to have an increase of one Toman per month upon the comple
tion of drills.
Vakils, 6 Tomans extra per month.
Deh Bashi, 2 Tomans extra per month.
Every Guarantor of a recruit, who had to he a man of some standing, was
given 10 Tomans. This fee proved to be most useful. Most of the early
recruits were brought in by notables and I agreed to pay Ts. 50 per month
to a Bais who should bring in 50 recruits. At present I have twm Bais, both
useful men, whom I can send ahead to arrange for supplies, &c. Vakils in
some cases brought in 20 men and Bek Bashis 10 men. I have engaged
Muhammad Ali Khan, the Governor’s brother, as an Officer and he is working
admirably. I am paying him Tomans 100 per month.
5. The day after our arrival the Deputy Governor brought up a hatch
of men to select from, and the first day saw the enlistment of 53 recruits. It
is true that rumours that they were to be sent to fight at Basrah caused the
men to wish to resign, but the Deputy Governor swore on the Koran that they
were engaged for Persia only, and. the crisis passed.
6. The drills were held at first outside the Consulate, but on tbe 27th
©f March the Police moved into camp at Naiband. There was serious trouble
on the first pay day, but again the Deputy Governor helped us and the
ringleaders w^ere punished by him and dismissed. Since that date the men
have been graduallv acquiring habits of discipline and the elements of drill.
On 28th March the Persian flag was hoisted with some ceremony at the camp,
and later the men were duly informed of the successes of the Persian Govern
ment at Kerman, Lar and Shiraz.
!■ jj' Onlv 25 men have been engaged for Cavalry, as practically no horses
can be bought locally and forage is both scarce and dear; and hitherto but
few recruits have been engaged for the Artillery, the men berng apparently
afraid -of working guns. 1 hope to engage suitable gunners at Kerman.
S The new force appears to he popular as recruits come in as fast as we
caB deal with them, the number enlisted in the first month exceeding three
hundred, after the elimination of some unsuitable men. Some of the best
recruits hail from Jalabai. In 1898 1 engaged eighteen men from this
•village to look after camels during my journey across Bashakird n Inch was
undertaken in connection with the murder of Mr. Graves. The son of my old
headman and others have joined the force, owing to this past connection.
9, The men, although childish at times, are steadily improving and will,
in time, make a useful force, more especially when supported by Artillery
machine guns, armoured motor cars and aeroplanes. Of couise trouble may be
expected from time to time, but the men will pass more and **
influence of their officers and their non-commissioned officers. I do not pio| o.e
to recruit more men at present owing to the difficulty of marching untiaine
men up country and the scarcity of food.

About this item


The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, and notes, on miscellaneous topics relating to Persia, April to June 1916.

The file includes correspondence regarding the following issues:

  • The disposal of Germans and Swedes now interned at Tehran
  • The Russian advance from Kermanshah
  • The enrolment of Tabriz gendarmerie into a Cossack brigade
  • Movements of the Russian expeditionary force.

The file contains correspondence between: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; HBM Minister, Tehran; the Viceroy; and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, London.

The file includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (271 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1110 (Persia) consists of three volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/590-592. The volumes are divided into three parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 273; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 1110/1916 Pt 2 'Persia: SITUATION Miscellaneous' [‎79r] (162/276), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/591, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 11 December 2019]

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