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'F-86 File 82/27 - V QATAR OIL' [‎22r] (50/466)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (228 folios). It was created in 19 Jun 1934-21 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY^ GOVERNMENT
EASTERN (Arabia).
CONFIDENTIAL.
[E 723/723/91]
Rppoft NCV. 1 April 30, 1934.
<1
S08
4
No. 1.
Section 2.
Memorandum respecting the Boundaries in Arabia: Anglo-Turkish
A rrangements.
[With Map.]
Aden Protectorate.
IN 1873 the Ottoman Government advanced a claim to sovereignty over
the whole of the area that had at one time been in possession of the Imams
of the Yemen, including tribal areas in South-West Arabia, with the rulers of
which the British Government were in special treaty relations. The British
Government, in reply, maintained that the rulers of these tribes were
independent. There followed a period of frequent encroachments by Turkish
authorities into the protectorate, of British representations and Turkish
assurances, and of British measures to protect the tribes, until, in 1901, the
Government of India and the Ottoman Government both proposed that the
frontier should be demarcated. In 1902 frontier commissfoners met and carried
out demarcation on the ground. The results were embodied in three protocols
of 1903, 1904 and 1905 respectively. Formal ratification was delayed until 1914,
the agreement arrived at in 1905 being completed and ratified in the Anglo-
Turkish Convention of the 9th March, 1914. The text will be found in
C.P. 10517. Ratifications of this convention were exchanged at London on
the 3rd June, 1914.
2. After the war, the Imam of the Yemen refused to recognise the frontier
agreed upon in the 1914 convention, and revived the ancient claims of his
predecessors. A situation similar to that in the last part of the 19th century
subsequently prevailed, until a treaty was concluded with the Imam at Sanaa
on the 11th February, 1934, which included a mutual undertaking providing
for the maintenance of the situation in regard to the frontier as it existed on
the date of signature of the treaty,^) and for the prevention of any violation
of this frontier pending negotiations for its final settlement. These negotiations
are to be initiated before the expiration of the present treaty, which is to remain
in force for forty years. This treaty has not yet been ratified.
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Principalities.
3. In March 1911 the Ottoman Government formally intimated to His
Majesty’s Government their wish that a precise definition might be reached as
to the respective position of the two countries, commercially and politically, in
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , His Majesty’s Government being concerned in view of their
special treaty relations with the Arab rulers on the Arabian shores of the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The ensuing negotiations resulted in the signature at London
of the Anglo-Turkish Convention of the 29th July, 1913 (see C.P. 10515). This
convention, inter alia, recognised Koweit as an autonomous Kaza of the Ottoman
Empire, and established its boundaries, and contained Turkish renunciation of
rights in Qatar. The boundary of the Ottoman Sanjak of Nejd was not
delimited in detail, apart from where it marched with that of Koweit, but was
described generally in the convention as a line commencing at a point on the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. a little to the south of Uqair, opposite the Island of Zakhnuniyah,
running due south into the Ruba-al-Khali desert, until it met parallel 20° N.,
after which it turned and continued in a south-westerly direction in a straight
line to meet Lakmat-esh-Shub, the most easterly point reached in the delimitation
of the Aden Protectorate boundary.
p) One of the conditions attached by His Majesty’s Government to their consent to the
conclusion of the treaty was that certain portions of the territory of the Aden Protectorate which
were still in Yemeni occupation should be evacuated. The British Besident at Aden reported
that prior to signature of the treaty this condition had been fulfilled. His Majesty’s Government
have reserved their right to claim the district of Rubeiatein, which at present remains in the
Imam’s possession.
7435 [81 gg—2]
B

About this item

Content

The volume contains correspondence between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the Government of India, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) representatives in regard to the air reconnaissance of Qatar and the negotiations with ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Sheikh of Qatar, for the oil concession, including arrangements for APOC's Mr Mylles visiting Doha and on the visit of the Sheikh of Qatar to Bahrain, from 14 to 19 October 1934. The volume contains draft agreements and:

  • 'Memorandum respecting the Boundaries in Arabia: Anglo-Turkish Arrangements' (ff. 22-23), with map (f. 24) showing the Anglo-Turkish Conventions lines in the Arabic peninsula;
  • Hand-drawn map showing the itinerary of the Qatar air reconnaissance carried out on 29 June 1934 (folio 34).
  • 'Sketch map of Qatar Peninsula' (folio 218).

There are some letters in Arabic, mainly to and from the local rulers.

Extent and format
1 volume (228 folios)
Arrangement

The documents in the volume are mostly arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume, (folios 213-219). The file notes are arranged chronologically and refer to documents within the file; they give a brief description of the correspondence with reference numbers in red crayon, which refer back to that correspondence in the volume.

There is also an brief index at the beginning (f. 1A) indicating the main topics covered in the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 230; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 35-229; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'F-86 File 82/27 - V QATAR OIL' [‎22r] (50/466), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/630, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100055623484.0x000033> [accessed 25 April 2019]

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