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'F-86 File 82/27 - V QATAR OIL' [‎22v] (51/466)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (228 folios). It was created in 19 Jun 1934-21 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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4. This convention was not ratified, but, with the exclusion of Turkey from
the Arabian peninsula, His Majesty’s Government have a y „ ^ I
frontiers of Turkey’s successors, Ibn Saud ami the Imam 0 Hcfiued in the I
be confined within the limits of the former Ottoman Empne as defi e the 1
conventions of 1913 and 1914. The question of the exte ^ I
conventions could be invoked was examined m 1928, in T ibrarv K
concession of the Turkish (now Iraq) Petroleum °mp y^ ^ y |
memorandum of the 24th January, 1928 [t 330/94/6o], i is s ‘ J
“ It may be objected that, as the convention of the 29th July, 1913,
was never ratified, and that, as the ratifications o tie (0 ^ e ^ 1 ^ , ?
9th March, 1914, were not exchanged until the 3rd June, nerther (rf|
these documents can be invoked as evidence of the boundaries of the Ottoman
Empire on the 19th March, 1914. , u
“ answer to that, so far as the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. is concerned would be
that the negotiations of 1913 were instituted in order to provide for the
maintenance of the territorial status quojmd for the regulansation of a
condition of affairs which had, m view of His Majesty s Government, aheady l
existed for many years. ^ , , ,1 , .
“ The attitude of successive British Governments had been that, priori
to Midhat Pasha’s expedition of 1871, there were on the Arabian coast no
symbols of Turkish authority, no Turkish jurisdiction, effective or ineffective
south or east of OjeirJ 2 ) There was nothing in the history of Muscat, of
the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , of Bahrein, or of El Katr, which reflected Ottoman
predominance. On the other hand, Great Britain had repudiated 1 urkish
claims to sovereignty over Bahrein eighteen times, and had frequently 1
informed the Porte that the Ottoman claim to sovereignty over El Katr
could not be, and never had been, recognised by Great Britain.
“ The answer as regards the Aden Convention would seem to be tnat,
although it was not ratified until the 3rd June, 1914, an arrangement was
made for its enforcement pending ratification. Apart from this, however
for many years the attitude of His Majesty s Government had been t a
they did not acknowledge the title of the Porte to the country lying at or
beyond the mouth of the Red Sea. ^ v
‘ ‘ As regards the Hadramaut, all the tribes had long been under Bi itisn
protection, and the leading sheikhs stipendiaries of the British Government.
“ It is to be noted that, although Koweit was regarded by His Majesty s
Government as an autonomous Kaza of the Turkish Empire, the Sheikh oi
Koweit had undertaken to grant an oil concession in his territory only to a
nominee of the British Government. Koweit may therefore for present
purposes be regarded as outside Turkish territory.
5. Since the war, with the exception of the frontier between Nejd and
Koweit. which was defined in the Nejd-Koweit Agreement of the 2nd December,
1922. no definition has been reached in agreement with Ibn Saud of the eastern
and south-eastern frontiers of Nejd. Library memorandum of the 17th October.
1927 [E 4330/104/65/1927], dealing with the frontier between Nejd and Qatar,
contains the following paragraphs :—
“ By article 11 of the (unratified) Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913. the
boundary between El Katr and Nejd was described as a line running from
the extreme end of the gulf opposite the Island of Zakhnuniyah due soutn
to Ruba-al-Khali (see blue line on map 2 attached to the convention of 1913).
“ By article 6 of the treaty of the 26th December, 1915, between Great
Britain and the Sultan of Nejd, the latter promised to refrain from all
aggression on or interference with the territories of El Katr.
“ During a visit which Sir Percy Cox, then High Commissioner at
Bagdad, paid to Ibn Saud in November and December 1922, the question ot
the status of El Katr came under notice in connexion with a project for the
grant of an oil concession for a tract of Nejd territory. Sir P. Cox, who
found that in his discussions with the engineer representing the aspirant
concessionnaires Ibn Saud had apparently included the Katr peninsula
within the area for which he was prepared to negotiate a concession, at
once took Ibn Saud to task, reminded him that he had nothing to do with
( 2 ) That is south or east of the line dividing Nejd and El Katr.
the (
be p
in t
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in 1

About this item


The volume contains correspondence between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the Government of India, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) representatives in regard to the air reconnaissance of Qatar and the negotiations with ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Sheikh of Qatar, for the oil concession, including arrangements for APOC's Mr Mylles visiting Doha and on the visit of the Sheikh of Qatar to Bahrain, from 14 to 19 October 1934. The volume contains draft agreements and:

  • 'Memorandum respecting the Boundaries in Arabia: Anglo-Turkish Arrangements' (ff. 22-23), with map (f. 24) showing the Anglo-Turkish Conventions lines in the Arabic peninsula;
  • Hand-drawn map showing the itinerary of the Qatar air reconnaissance carried out on 29 June 1934 (folio 34).
  • 'Sketch map of Qatar Peninsula' (folio 218).

There are some letters in Arabic, mainly to and from the local rulers.

Extent and format
1 volume (228 folios)

The documents in the volume are mostly arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume, (folios 213-219). The file notes are arranged chronologically and refer to documents within the file; they give a brief description of the correspondence with reference numbers in red crayon, which refer back to that correspondence in the volume.

There is also an brief index at the beginning (f. 1A) indicating the main topics covered in the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 230; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 35-229; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'F-86 File 82/27 - V QATAR OIL' [‎22v] (51/466), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/630, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 November 2019]

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