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'F-86 File 82/27 - V QATAR OIL' [‎23r] (52/466)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (228 folios). It was created in 19 Jun 1934-21 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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3
y from
at the
should
in the
these
th the
hbrary
, 1913,
of the
ther of
t toman
mild be
for the
>n of a
il ready
t, prior
oast no
Elective,
scat, of
>ttoman
furkish
quently
'A Katr
be that,
3nt was
owever,
en that
ig at or
British
rnment.
ajesty’s
leikh of
nly to a
present
3jd and
member,
eastern
October,
i Qatar,
.913, the
ng from ^
ie south
f 1913).
;n Great
from all
ioner at
istion of
: for the
'ox, who
aspirant
eninsula
ssion, at
do with
El Katr except to respect it under the terms of the treaty of 1915, and
insisted on the limitation of his discussions to the country west of tlm
longitude of the head of Salwah Bay, i.e., the line laid down in the Anglo-
Turkish Convention, 1913, and marked in blue on map 2 annexed thereto.
“ As Ibn Saud accepted this injunction without argument and nothing
later appears to have transpired, it may reasonably be held that the line of
1913 still constitutes the frontier between El Katr and Nejd.”
6 In February 1934 a despatch was received from His Majesty’s p
Ambassador at Angora [E 1206/1206/91/1934] reporting the receipt of a^
request from the United States Embassy for a copy of the “ Anglo-Turkish
Treaty of the 29th July, 1913, which delimited the frontiers between Aden and /.
the Ottoman dominions and between Muscat and the Ottoman dominions. It
was assumed in the Foreign Office that this request was connected with the
operation of the Hasa Oil Concession by the California Arabian Standard Oil
Company, and it was held to be desirable that the position of His Majesty s
Government with regard to the boundaries mentioned should be made clear to the
United States Government, and that the United States Embassy at Angora should
be put in possession of all the relevant treaty texts. After consultation with the > ? ,
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , a despatch was sent to His Majesty’s Ambassador at Angora on the
22nd March, 1934 [E 1839/1206/91/1934], instructing Sir P. Lorame to com- ~ , ,
municate a copy of the 1913 convention to the United States Embassy, and to show
them a copy of the 1914 convention, which, unlike the 1913 convention, had been
published. ' In this despatch the view was definitely taken that the fact that
certain territories on the Ottoman side of the 1913-14 line had now become
independent States, could not be regarded in the view of His Majesty’s Govern
ment as in any way affecting the status of the territories on the other side of that
line, which His Majesty’s Government regarded as forming the boundary between
the Ottoman Succession State of Saudi Arabia and the territories of South-
Eastern Arabia with which they were in special relations. Sir P. Lorame was
instructed to call the attention of the United States Embassy to the fact that the
1913 convention was not ratified, but to point out to them, in support of the view
taken by His Majesty’s Government of the validity of the line laid down therein,
that that line was mentioned, adequately defined and definitely adopted in
article 3 of the 1914 convention, which had been ratified.
7. One point arising out of the question of the 1913-14 frontier line is
whether that line should be regarded as merely establishing the limits of baudi
Arabian territory or whether it also lays down the boundaries of the territories of
Arab rulers with whom His Majesty’s Government are in special treaty relations.
After Mr. Philby’s expedition into the Ruba-al-Khali in 1932, the Saudi Arabian
paper, the Umm-al-Qura, in publishing an account of the expedition, advanced a
claim to Saudi Arabian sovereignty over the districts visited. The Foreign Office
then decided not to take the initiative in examining questions of territorial claims
in the Ruba-al-Khali. The question of the territorial limits of Qatar has, how
ever, arisen in connexion with the operation of the Hasa Oil Concession (see
paragraph 6 above). Lieutenant-Colonel Dickson, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Koweit, who
was present with Sir Percy Cox at the Uqair negotiations with Ibn baud in
November and December of 1922 already referred to, has furnished a report
E 279/279/91/1934] on the discussions which then took place regarding the
Nejd-Qatar boundary. According to this report, Ibn Baud produced Hunter's
map of Arabia 1-inch to 32 miles, on which was marked in blue pencil the area
which he proposed to grant to the Eastern and General Syndicate for their con
cession. This area included the whole of the Hasa Province and the Qatar
peninsula, the south-western and southern boundary of the concession being
marked by a line drawn down the Wadi Faruq as far as Jaw-ad-Dukhan and
then turning east from there to Khor-adh-Dhuwaihin on the coast. Sir Percy Cox
marked in red pencil on the map a line from Jaw-ad-Dukhan to Dohat balwa,
saying to Ibn Saud : “That is the line,’’ and crossed out the incorrect line marked
in blue. It will be noticed that the line marked by Sir P. Cox was not in
accordance with that laid down in the 1913 convention. As it was not clear
whether Sir P. Cox intended to indicate the frontier between Nejd and Qatar or
whether he was merely warning Ibn Saud against assuming sovereignty east of
the red line on the map, and as Lieutenant-Colonel Dickson’s report (written
more than ten years after the event) contained nothing to show that mention was
[81 gg—2] b 2

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Content

The volume contains correspondence between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the Government of India, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) representatives in regard to the air reconnaissance of Qatar and the negotiations with ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Sheikh of Qatar, for the oil concession, including arrangements for APOC's Mr Mylles visiting Doha and on the visit of the Sheikh of Qatar to Bahrain, from 14 to 19 October 1934. The volume contains draft agreements and:

  • 'Memorandum respecting the Boundaries in Arabia: Anglo-Turkish Arrangements' (ff. 22-23), with map (f. 24) showing the Anglo-Turkish Conventions lines in the Arabic peninsula;
  • Hand-drawn map showing the itinerary of the Qatar air reconnaissance carried out on 29 June 1934 (folio 34).
  • 'Sketch map of Qatar Peninsula' (folio 218).

There are some letters in Arabic, mainly to and from the local rulers.

Extent and format
1 volume (228 folios)
Arrangement

The documents in the volume are mostly arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume, (folios 213-219). The file notes are arranged chronologically and refer to documents within the file; they give a brief description of the correspondence with reference numbers in red crayon, which refer back to that correspondence in the volume.

There is also an brief index at the beginning (f. 1A) indicating the main topics covered in the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 230; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 35-229; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'F-86 File 82/27 - V QATAR OIL' [‎23r] (52/466), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/630, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100055623484.0x000035> [accessed 21 February 2019]

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