'15/3 Vol I XV - B/1 VISITORS SUSPECTS & UNDESIRABLES SULEMAN AL BARUNI AL NAFUSI & HIS RELATIVES Jan 1923 - June 1940.' [95r] (200/420)
The record is made up of 1 file (206 folios). It was created in 25 Jan 1923-8 Jun 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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Su&eiman el Baruni is a Berber Abadite froiu Tripoli t
who has been a very prominent figure in the turmoil of politice
in 11. Africa. He began by playing into the hands of the
Italians as did most of the Berbers largely out of racial
antagonism to the Arabs. He was most probably bought by
the Italians soon alter or before the occupation of Tripoli
and successfully sued Mr. Maclure, then M Times M correspondent
in Tripoli and Italy* for iibel.
He next turned against the Italians, contrary to most
of the Berbers, and threw in his lot with the Arabs during
the 1914-1915 revolution, becoming involved with the Ramadan
Bhetewi - Abdurrahman Azam combination at Misurata. When
the Turks in the course of the war sent a prince of royal
blood to Misurata to regain the sympathy of the natives of
Tripolitania, Suleiman el Baruni was appointed wazil of tne
Vali of Tripolitania (namely the Prince). The Turks failed
to establish their position and surrendered 'when the end of
the war occurred, by which time Suleiman el Baruni had already
become a prominent member of the Confederation of Tripolitan
Tribes, ostensibly as representative of the Berber element in
the coui:try which, hov/ever, so profoundly mistrusted him that
his self- appointed position became untenable. He was
equally disliked by the Arabs because he is a Berber.
The Italians after they proclaimed the Constitution of
the country attempted to use him as a M mudir’' but without
success; he was then aiming at becoming Smir of Jeoel lefusa
(Tripolitan Jebal). Soon after this he left for Switzerland
via Italy and got into touch with the League of Oppressed
lotions and then to Constantinople. He returned to Tripoli
again without having achieved much.
He is an intriguer and not a very successful one. In
any case he is undesirable.
About this item
The file comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, and notes, relating to Suleiman al Baruni and his relatives.
The discussion in the file concerns:
- Baruni's travel to Iraq and Muscat
- his membership of the Ibadhi sect and the esteem he was held in by both the Sultan of Muscat and Oman and the Imam of Oman
- his appointment as Minister in the government of the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman
- arrangements for travel of members of his family
The principal correspondents in the volume are: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; HM High Commissioner for Iraq; and officials of the Government of the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (206 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 202; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
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