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'File 8/62 Muscat State Affairs: Principal Shaikhs and Tribes of Oman' [‎35r] (69/296)

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The record is made up of 1 file (146 folios). It was created in 24 Oct 1938-6 Dec 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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SECRET.
D.O. Ho.5.993-8/62
POLITICAL AGESCT,
MUSCAT
Dated 18th. July, 1945.
Do'ar Colonel Galloway,
I
Would you please refer to my Deal-official letter Ho. S.771-8/62,
dated the 17th. May, 1945 and ay telegram No.R.l, dated the 28th. May,
1945 regarding tribal affairs?
2. When I saw his shortly after ay return from recess, the Sultan
told we that he vas very pleased with the result of his talks with
the Omani Shaikhs. He had found Shaikh Suleiman's attitude particularly
enewrarincT and said he felt that this might be the beginning of a more
general more of the Shaikhs of the hinterland in his favour. He des
cribed Shaikh All as "a completely changed man* (by which he means
that he can now rely on his support) while he thought that in Shaikh
Sulaiman he had a powerful ally in any future dealings with Oman and,
what ill more important, one on whoa he could rely. While expatiating
on the position these two Shaikhs occupied in Oman, the Sultan made
the statement that provided Shaikh Isa of the Sh&rqisjb4kept his word
and remained neutral, he was confident of being able ^©"occupy'' Oman
on the death of the Imarc without bloodshed. Any opposition that did
occur would be fro» the Hinawia and its extent would largely depend
on Shaikh Isa.
3. Whether or not his intrigues with these Shaikhs included the
accelerated demise of the Lmra remains to be seen; the Imam is now an
old man, but reports indicate that he has recovered from the recent
illnees and is on the move again. What, howevar, seems certain is that
ranch of the Sultan's time Will be devoted to preparing for the day when
he can occupy the principal forte of the interior. The alarm of the
Imam at the present turn of events is indicated by his efforts to dieuade
Shaikhs All and Sulsiman from meeting the Sultan at Sur, the despatch
of spies to Muscat during the Sultan's talks with these Shaikhs and
hio summons to Shaikh Sulaiman to visit him at Kizwa as soon as the
latter/
The Eon'ble Lt. Col. A.C. Galloway, O.B.W.,
Offg. Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.

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Content

This file concerns relations between the Sultan of Muscat and Oman [Sa‘īd bin Taymūr Āl Bū Sa‘īd] and the shaikhs of the Omani tribes. Much of the correspondence discusses the Sultan's ambition to secure the allegiance of the Omani shaikhs and consolidate his authority in the interior of Oman. The correspondence recounts meetings between British representatives and the Sultan, in which the Sultan discusses his intentions to assert control in the Omani interior once the Imam of Oman has died, and requests British assistance in order to do so.

In addition, the file contains extensive discussion regarding British policy in relation to the internal affairs of Oman. Matters covered include whether the Sultan should be supplied with arms, ammunition, and RAF assistance, and whether the British should approach the Omani tribes directly, in order to smooth the way for oil exploitation in the interior. Also covered are exchanges of correspondence and meetings between certain Omani shaikhs and the British representatives at Muscat.

As well as correspondence, the file contains compiled notes on the principal shaikhs and tribes of Oman (ff 5-9), and notes on the tribes of Buraimi and Trucial Oman (ff 118-135, including details of tribes beyond the limits of Trucial Oman and within the limits of the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman), the latter being described by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. as 'scanty'.

The Arabic language material consists of several items of correspondence, of which English translations are included.

Extent and format
1 file (146 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 148; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-106; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 8/62 Muscat State Affairs: Principal Shaikhs and Tribes of Oman' [‎35r] (69/296), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/6/242, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100055776091.0x000046> [accessed 19 November 2019]

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