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'File 2/2 I. Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎8r] (20/444)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (218 folios). It was created in 26 Feb 1933-2 Feb 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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over again visited the Kuwait-IRAQ frontier along its
whole western and northern length and especially in
the vicinity of Safwan and Jabal Sanauu I have fur
ther discussed the matter, on many^ occasi ons, with
dozens of ohaikhs anc tribesmen, both liUbl and Kuwaiti
and all evidence that I have been able to gather has I'coJLhZ
to show that very little smuggling indeed gees on
the land side. Indeed that which does go on is confined
almost entirely to the IRAQ Uuntafik shepherd tribes
who annually move into Kuwait terriTory for 5 months
during the /inter ana opring. rven this cannot be clas
sed as smuggling proper seeing that ail it amounts to
is the conveying bad: with them,to their homes in IRAQ,
by each shepherd family, of small quantities of sugar,
coffee ana tea - their needs for the return journey,
with a little over for home consumption. That this
does not amount to raudh nay be gauged fey the fact that
these shepherds are poor and each family has transport
barely sufficient to carry its one tent and camp equip
age. They have little spare space for contraband.
As I have reported on different occasions
duringAhe past year, a small amount of contraband traf-
fic does, undoubtedly, find its way e^d to the many vil
lages and hamlets on the IRAQ bank of the Shatt al Arab
near its mouth; but from evidence that I have been able
to collect it would appear that this traffic is carried
on mostly by IRAQ nationals who visit Kuwait in small
sailing vessels, nRke their purchases, and return hoiiB
It is, I think, exaggerating the matter a very
great deal when the Li rector of Customs says that goods
to the value of £60,000 found their way into IRAQ from
K'uwait durl ng 1932.
If he were to visit mo in Kuwait occasionally,

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. British officials discuss the Iraqi Government’s proposal to the Kuwaiti Government for cooperation to help control smuggling between the two countries. They also discuss the conditions under which permission is given to ship goods between the two countries, the fines that are to be imposed on the boats charged with smuggling, and monitoring the territorial waters, Shat al-Arab in particular.

The volume also contains correspondence related to the firing on and seizure of a Kuwaiti jollyboat by a Fao customs launch near Bubiyan Island, and the seizure of three Iraqi ballams (small boats) by the Kuwaiti customs authorities.The volume also contains a confidential report prepared by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait under the title ‘Kuwait note on the contraband problem of Iraq with her neighbours and in particular how it affects Kuwait’.

The main correspondents in the volume are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the British Embassy, Baghdad, the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Mutassarif of Basra Liwa, the Hakim of Kuwait as well as Customs departments in Kuwait and Iraq.

Extent and format
1 volume (218 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 220; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but, where circled, are crossed through.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 I. Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎8r] (20/444), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/128, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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