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Coll 6/63 'SOUTH EASTERN ARABIA AND QATAR BOUNDARIES.' [‎150r] (306/756)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (374 folios). It was created in 19 Jan 1923-12 Jun 1934. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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•10'
their Ministers if they saw fit, in the matter of such
drafts which came to them for concurrence a Should any
Minister feel doubt, he could suggest that tne matter
be referred to the Ministerial Sub-Committee„ He thought
tuat it would meet the case, so far as concerned the tele
grams to Sir Andrew Ryan and Colonel Powle, which would
be prepared as the result of this meeting, if the drafts
were referred o f 11 cially to the other Departments con
cerned for concurrence. The Sub-Committee agreed,
CONCLUSIONS ,
THE SU B ■••• C OIvlvl I IT EE agreed; -
(i) that the Inaia Office should draft a
telegram to the Resident in the Persian
Gulf, to be repeated to the Government
of India, which should be officially cir
culated to, and approved by, all Depart
ments concerned i^rior to its despatch,
giving him the views of the meeting on
the f ollowing points;-
(a) approval of his action up to date;
(b) information as to communication to
be made by Sir Andrew Ryan to Ibn
Saud;
(c) instructions as to reconnaissance;
(d) enquiry as to time table with Sheikh
and next step;
(e) asking his opinion as to whether any
caveat should be entered with the
Sheikh in regard to his southern
boundary,
(ii) that the Foreign Office should draft a
telegram to His MajestyEs Minister at
Jedda to be officially circulated to
and approved by, all Departments con
cerned, prior to its despatch, contain
ing the necessary instructions as to
the communication to be made to Ibn
Saud regarding the United States en
quiry as to the Anglo-Turkish Conven
tion of 1913, and the reply returned
by His Majesty's Government thereto,
making it clear that His Ma jesty ? s
Government regard the U blue line’ 1 laid
down in Article 11 of the 1913 Conven
tion, and defined and adopted in
Article 3 of the 1914 Convention, as
remaining operative*

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Content

This volume relates to the eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia and the southern boundary of Qatar.

Much of the correspondence discusses the legal and international position of what is referred to as the 'blue line' (the frontier which marked the Ottoman Government's renunciation of its claims to Bahrain and Qatar, as laid down in the non-ratified Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 and redefined and adopted in the Anglo-Ottoman convention of the following year), which is regarded by the British as the eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia, but is disputed by the Saudi Government, mainly on the grounds that it is no longer correct, following various developments during the years since the line was demarcated.

British concerns regarding these boundaries follow a recent oil concession for the Hasa [Al Hasa] region of Saudi Arabia, granted by the Saudi Government to the Standard Oil Company of California, as well as reports of the possibility of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company securing an oil concession in Qatar.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

The volume features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Secretary of State for India (Samuel Hoare); the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; officials of the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Admiralty, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department.

In addition to correspondence, the volume includes extracts from Bahrain political intelligence reports and minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, which concern the Qatar boundary.

Whilst the volume contains material dating from 1923 to 1934, the vast majority of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of a short extract from the aforementioned Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913, which is contained in copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum on the southern boundary of Qatar.

The volume includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 3-4).

Extent and format
1 volume (374 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 374; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers have not been foliated.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/63 'SOUTH EASTERN ARABIA AND QATAR BOUNDARIES.' [‎150r] (306/756), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2130, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100055982230.0x00006b> [accessed 20 November 2019]

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