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Coll 6/63 'SOUTH EASTERN ARABIA AND QATAR BOUNDARIES.' [‎297r] (600/756)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (374 folios). It was created in 19 Jan 1923-12 Jun 1934. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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lhe ruling famll y of ^atar are ,il Thani. They
oame from Central Arabia somewhere about the year 1750 a.B.
and are Bln Tanmlrn by descent. Of the family there are now
sixty two males living. The paramount ahalkh is Shaikh
.vbdallah ibn :„aaim ath-Thani.
ohairch Abdullah was mads :uler ovrr the heeds of
his two elder brothers, Thant and Khalifah and his uncle
Ahmad.
•his appointing the Ruler from a younger son seems
to be * cup tern in the Thanl family, shaikh Abdullah has
appointed hia son T1 amid over the elder brother Aly.
2 . TH^IR RTJL'iS & VQPm_.
Shaikh Abdullah claims the ?fhole of the MV atar
peninsula hounded on the south west by a line drawn from
NAfHsR towards the -aat, al Gabal, Wadi al Oniban to the
viebkhah, and comlno’ out on the Rest coast on the northern
shore of ^hor OTUTn, Reyond the frontier mentioned is a
neutral £ono of several miles in breadth, one part being bet
-ween iatar and the Oman tribes on the south east, and the
other part being between a a tar and the laudi territory on
the south west. The Ueutral Zone and the frontier between
Z&tar and the Oman tribes is recognised by all, but that
between ^atar and the .,audi Government is only recognised
as on sufferance from IBH 3IJJD •
Ibn TEtil^I is a merchant prince, he derives his
power from wealth accumulated by his father and grand-father
from pearling and trading. These Arab merchant princes loan
out ^(money to thair relations and to others who are settled
in their district, collecting only a percentage on the
profits and bearing the losses in most cases. In return the
receive the service and allegiance of these merchants, who
are all more or lees indebted to them.
Ibn THAN! other than the sixty odd members of his

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Content

This volume relates to the eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia and the southern boundary of Qatar.

Much of the correspondence discusses the legal and international position of what is referred to as the 'blue line' (the frontier which marked the Ottoman Government's renunciation of its claims to Bahrain and Qatar, as laid down in the non-ratified Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 and redefined and adopted in the Anglo-Ottoman convention of the following year), which is regarded by the British as the eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia, but is disputed by the Saudi Government, mainly on the grounds that it is no longer correct, following various developments during the years since the line was demarcated.

British concerns regarding these boundaries follow a recent oil concession for the Hasa [Al Hasa] region of Saudi Arabia, granted by the Saudi Government to the Standard Oil Company of California, as well as reports of the possibility of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company securing an oil concession in Qatar.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

The volume features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Secretary of State for India (Samuel Hoare); the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; officials of the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Admiralty, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department.

In addition to correspondence, the volume includes extracts from Bahrain political intelligence reports and minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, which concern the Qatar boundary.

Whilst the volume contains material dating from 1923 to 1934, the vast majority of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of a short extract from the aforementioned Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913, which is contained in copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum on the southern boundary of Qatar.

The volume includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 3-4).

Extent and format
1 volume (374 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 374; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers have not been foliated.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/63 'SOUTH EASTERN ARABIA AND QATAR BOUNDARIES.' [‎297r] (600/756), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2130, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100055982232.0x000001> [accessed 21 November 2019]

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