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'File 8/1 GWADUR-KALAT BOUNDARY 1912-1942' [‎10r] (24/436)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (213 folios). It was created in 8 Feb 1912-2 Jun 1942. It was written in English, Arabic and Farsi. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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G0? ^ 0F A g ^NFIDEKTIAL LETTER No;38 of 1913 dated 3*3,12
sir.
i ; Ron , The Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. MASKAT,
To, Tne Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in tne
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
X nave tpfTiionoux to acknowleage tne receipt of your tele
gram Hoi 164 dated 39.2.IS. on tne subject of tfte trans Persian
ran-,.ay survey and to report tnat . on toe 1st; Marcn ,i approaci
ed His HlgJiness on toe subject .as directed .X assured nim toat
ms mterestsswould be duly consulted and as^d for facilities
for tiie Survey parties #
2. His Highness . while m no way displaying any objection to
toe grant of facilities or any doubt as to bis interests being
safeguarded , requested me to put toe matter m writing and I
iiave tne honour to submit herewith toe translation of abetter
which I nave today addressed to His Highness on toe subject.
3. His Highness enquired of me whether working parties accompa
panied toe survey parties . m reply X stated that, while x had
no positive information on toe subject , it seemed to me m tne
uighesT, degree improbable that work of any sort on the Railway
would be undertaken .until the promoters of the undertaking were
in full possession of the plans executed by the survey parties
m ° W ° Uld Br ° bal3ly S ^ es * selection various routes that thl
lliie3 of Railway mlgiit talc©
4. toe sultan said that he was given to understand
mad Remoo, wno is contractor of His Highness’s customs at awadur
and agent for the British India steamers at that port .had enteral
into contracts of some kind with the survey parties .1 was coapeli
edto admit that I had no information on the subject.
5.1 understood from His Highness that he will let me have a reply
to toe letter of which a translation is attached and, h soon as
HLe. » ™ n re, CO^-
©ration,
6.A.copy of this letter has been forwarded to the Hon’ble the
Secretary to the Government of India in tne Foreign Department.
Iliave tix© Honour etc;

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Content

This volume is mainly comprised of correspondence relating to the boundary between Muscat-controlled Gwadur [Gwadar] and the state of Kalat. Much of the correspondence discusses longstanding British concerns that the boundary should be officially defined and demarcated before any valuable minerals are discovered in the area. A settlement of the boundary is initially suggested in May 1913 by the Agent to the Governor-General and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan (Lieutenant-Colonel J Ramsay); the issue is raised again in May 1938, with the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle) making the case for the establishment of a small boundary commission for the purpose of settling the frontier dispute.

The volume includes discussion of the following: the Sultan of Muscat's concerns regarding a reported Trans-Persian railway survey near Gwadur in 1912; territorial disputes between the Gwadur and Mekran authorities; trade disputes between Kalat and Muscat (also spelled as Maskat and Masqat in the earlier correspondence); whether the Burmah Oil Company and Indian Oil Concessions Limited should be permitted to negotiate with the Sultan of Muscat, in spite of the fact that the Sultan cannot grant an oil concession without the Government of India's approval; the likelihood of the Khan of Kelat being in favour of demarcation; travel arrangements and expenses for the proposed boundary commission; the alleged crossing of the Gwadur boundary by Kalat state officials; rumours of the Khan of Kalat's intentions to invade Gwadur; reported incidents between Muscat and Kalat subjects.

The volume features the following principal correspondents: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat; the Agent to the Governor-General and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan; the British Agent, Gwadur; the Sultan of Muscat; the Director of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Section of the Indo-European Telegraph Department; the Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Mekran; officials of the Government of India's External Affairs Department.

Also included in the volume is a sketch map of Gwadur and the surrounding region. The Arabic language material mainly consists of correspondence between British representatives and the Sultan of Muscat. The file also includes a small amount of correspondence in Farsi.

Whilst the volume includes material dating from 1912 to 1942, it should be noted that there is no material covering the period of 1920-1936.

Extent and format
1 volume (213 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume. Circled serial numbers refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 215; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 62-202; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English, Arabic and Farsi in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 8/1 GWADUR-KALAT BOUNDARY 1912-1942' [‎10r] (24/436), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/6/183, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100056287179.0x000019> [accessed 16 October 2019]

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