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'File 8/1 GWADUR-KALAT BOUNDARY 1912-1942' [‎26r] (58/436)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (213 folios). It was created in 8 Feb 1912-2 Jun 1942. It was written in English, Arabic and Farsi. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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Copy of a demi-official letter dated 5th February 1914, fy
\
from A.H. Grant, Esquire, G.I.E., I.C.S., Deputy Secretary,
Foreign and Political Department, Delhi, to J.G.Lorimer,
Esquire, I.C.S., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian
Gulf, Bushire.
We have recently received a letter from Mr. H.B.Heath
Eves, of the Burma Oil Company, in which he mentions that the
Company are anxious to examine Gwadur territory and to ob
tain from the Sultan the right to work any oil that might
be found there. He is being asked to communicate with you
direct in the matter. In dealing with any reference that may
be made by him it may be useful to you to know that the
Company are at present carrying our survey work in certain
parts of Baluchistan in Kalat and Las Bela territory and
that prospecting licenses are now being drawn up by the
Agent to the Governor General in consultation with the
Chiefs and the Company. The Government of India have also
said that they will have no objection, if the Company desire
it, to allow them to take up hereafter under mining leases
a larger area than the 10 square miles ordinarily permitted * (l)
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by the rules provided their action under the prospecting
licenses is such as to show that they are in earnest in
their intention to develop and work the oil field. Two
conditions are to be insert©^ in the agreements, viz:-
(l) that the Burma Oil Company and their-Associates, the
Anglo-Persian Oil Company will maintain the purely British
character of their undertakings in Persia and elsew: ere,
and should the Anglo-Persian Oil Company cease to be a purely
British Company the Burma Oil Company will be required to
work independently any concession that might be granted to
them.
(2). that the Company will undertake to give the British
Admiralty

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Content

This volume is mainly comprised of correspondence relating to the boundary between Muscat-controlled Gwadur [Gwadar] and the state of Kalat. Much of the correspondence discusses longstanding British concerns that the boundary should be officially defined and demarcated before any valuable minerals are discovered in the area. A settlement of the boundary is initially suggested in May 1913 by the Agent to the Governor-General and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan (Lieutenant-Colonel J Ramsay); the issue is raised again in May 1938, with the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle) making the case for the establishment of a small boundary commission for the purpose of settling the frontier dispute.

The volume includes discussion of the following: the Sultan of Muscat's concerns regarding a reported Trans-Persian railway survey near Gwadur in 1912; territorial disputes between the Gwadur and Mekran authorities; trade disputes between Kalat and Muscat (also spelled as Maskat and Masqat in the earlier correspondence); whether the Burmah Oil Company and Indian Oil Concessions Limited should be permitted to negotiate with the Sultan of Muscat, in spite of the fact that the Sultan cannot grant an oil concession without the Government of India's approval; the likelihood of the Khan of Kelat being in favour of demarcation; travel arrangements and expenses for the proposed boundary commission; the alleged crossing of the Gwadur boundary by Kalat state officials; rumours of the Khan of Kalat's intentions to invade Gwadur; reported incidents between Muscat and Kalat subjects.

The volume features the following principal correspondents: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat; the Agent to the Governor-General and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan; the British Agent, Gwadur; the Sultan of Muscat; the Director of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Section of the Indo-European Telegraph Department; the Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Mekran; officials of the Government of India's External Affairs Department.

Also included in the volume is a sketch map of Gwadur and the surrounding region. The Arabic language material mainly consists of correspondence between British representatives and the Sultan of Muscat. The file also includes a small amount of correspondence in Farsi.

Whilst the volume includes material dating from 1912 to 1942, it should be noted that there is no material covering the period of 1920-1936.

Extent and format
1 volume (213 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume. Circled serial numbers refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 215; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 62-202; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English, Arabic and Farsi in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 8/1 GWADUR-KALAT BOUNDARY 1912-1942' [‎26r] (58/436), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/6/183, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100056287179.0x00003b> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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