Coll 6/67(1) 'Boundaries of South-Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [172r] (348/794)
The record is made up of 1 volume (392 folios). It was created in 13 Jun 1934-13 Dec 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Introductory ------- 1-2 1
I. 1745-1800. First development of the Wahabi Sect - 3-12 1
The Political Situation in Arabia in 1800 - - 5-12
II. 1800—1870-71. From the first expansion of the
Wahabis in Eastern Arabia to the fall of Baraimi and
the Turkish occupation of Hasa _ _ . 13-120 2-23
1800-1803 - - - _ - - - 13-11
First Wahabi encroachment in Eastern Arabia- 13
The Wahabis in Western Arabia, 1800-03 - 14
1803-1818. From the Death of Amir Abdul Aziz to the
Egyptian Conquest of the Wahabis - - - 15-33 3
Introductory - - - - - 15
Muscat and the Wahabis, 1804-18 - - 16
Trucial Oman and the Wahabis, 1804-18 - 17-19
Bahrein and the Wahabis, 1804-18 - - 20
Koweit and the AVahabis, 1804-18 - - 21
Qatar and the Wahabis, 1804-18 - - 22
Turkey and the Wahabis, 1804-18 - - 23
H.M. Government and the Wahabis, 1804-18 - 24-32
General Summary, 1804-18 - - - 33
1818-1824. From the Egyptian Conquest of the Wahabis
to the Rise of Amir Turki bin Abdulla - - 34-36 7
Maritime Truce of 1820 - - - 34
Trucial Oman in 1822-23 - - - 35
British representation on Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. - 36
1824-1840. From the Revival of the Wahabi Power to
its second overthrow by Egypt - - - 37-63 7
Introductory ----- 37-39
Muscat and the Wahabis, 1824-40 - - 40-42
Trucial Oman and the Wahabis, 1824-40 - 43-48
Bahrein and the Wahabis, 1824-40 - - 49
Qatar and the Wahabis, 1824-40 - - 50
Koweit and the Wahabis, 1824-40 - - 51
H.M. Government and the Wahabis, 1824-40 - 52-56
The Egyptians and Eastern Arabia, 1839-40 - 57-62
Summary, 1824-40 _ - ~ - 63
Ig40_l870-71. From the Withdrawal of the Egyptians
from Hasa to the Turkish Conquest of Hasa - - 64-120 13
Introductory ----- 64
Muscat and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - - 65-68
Trucial Oman and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - 69-83
Qatar and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - - 84-86
Bahrein and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - - 87-88
Koweit and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - - 89
Turkey and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - - 90-93
H.M. Government and the Wahabis, 1840-70 - 94-i22
The Pelly Mission, 1865 _ _ - 110-113
Summary, 1840-70 - - - - 123
III. 1870-1901. From the Turkish Conquest of Hasa to
the capture of Riyadh by Ibn Saud
IV. 1901-1914. From the Capture of Riyadh by Ibn
Saud to the outbreak of the Great War
Capture of Riyadh, 1901 - - " '
Influence of Abu Dhabi in Trucial hinterland, 1904
Policy of H.M. Government vis-ct-vts Ibn Saud, 1904
Saudis and Turks, 1904-05
3076 125 9.34
About this item
This volume primarily concerns British policy regarding the south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia.
It includes interdepartmental discussion regarding the approach that the British Government should take in reaching a settlement with King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] over the demarcation of the boundaries.
Much of the correspondence discusses the legal and international position of what is referred to as the 'blue line' (the frontier which marked the Ottoman Government's renunciation of its claims to Bahrain and Qatar, as laid down in the non-ratified Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 and redefined and adopted in the Anglo-Ottoman convention of the following year), a line which is not accepted by Ibn Saud as being binding upon his government.
The volume features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Gordon Loch); the Chief Commissioner, Aden (Bernard Rawdon Reilly, referred to in the correspondence as Resident); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the War Office, and the Air Ministry.
Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:
- Whether the British should press Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] for a general settlement of all outstanding major questions.
- The extent of territory that the British should be prepared to include in any concession made to Ibn Saud.
- The British response to what are referred to as Ibn Saud's 'ancestral claims' to territories east of the blue line.
- Sir Andrew Ryan's meetings with Ibn Saud in Taif, in July 1934.
- Meetings held at the Foreign Office between Sir Andrew Ryan, George Rendel (Head of the Foreign Office's Eastern Department), Fuad Bey Hamza (Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs), and Hafiz Wahba (Saudi Arabian Minister in London), in September 1934.
- The boundaries of a proposed 'desert zone', suggested by Rendel, where Ibn Saud would hold personal rather than territorial rights.
- Saudi-Qatari relations.
- Whether tribal boundaries should be considered as a possible solution to the boundary question.
Also included are the following:
- Two copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum entitled 'Historical Memorandum on the Relations of the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn Saud with Eastern Arabia and the British Government, 1800-1934', dated 26 September 1934.
- Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, dated 8 November 1934 and 12 September 1934.
- A copy of a report by Bertram Thomas regarding a Trans-Oman air route reconnaissance, which was undertaken in May-June 1927.
The Arabic material consists of one item of correspondence (an English translation is included).
The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 4).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (392 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 394; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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