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Coll 6/67(1) 'Boundaries of South-Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [‎172v] (349/794)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (392 folios). It was created in 13 Jun 1934-13 Dec 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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PARAS.
IV. 1901-1914- —cont.
Ibn Sand’s projected visit to the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ,
1905-06 - - - - - - 138-139
Defeat of Ibn Rashid _ _ _ _ 140
Turkish allowances to Ibn Saud - - - 141
Turks evacuate Qasim, 1907 - - - 142
Ibn Saud’s overtures to ELM. Government, 1906-07 - 143-148
Ibn Saud settles tribal disputes in Hasa on behalf
of Turks, 1908 - - - - - 150
Ibn Saud and the Turks, 1909 - - - 151
First meeting of Ibn Saud and Captain Shakespear,
1911 - - - . : - - 152
Anglo-Turkish Convention negotiations, 1911-13 - 154
Discussions between Ibn Saud and Captain
Shakespear, May 1913 - - - - 155-158
Conquest of Hasa by Ibn Saud, May 1913 - - 159
Ibn Saud’s overtures to Turkey, July 1913- - 164
Anglo-Turkish Convention, 29th July 1913 - 165
Ibn Saud and the Trucial Area, 1913 - - 166-170
Ibn Saud’s discussions with Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and
Captain Shakespear, December 1913 - - 174-176
Treaty between Ibn Saud and Turkey, 15th Ma}^
1914 - - - - - - 178
Anglo-Turkish Convention, March 1914 - - 179
Summary, 1901-14 ----- 181
V, 1914-1934. From the outbreak of the Great War to
the opening of the Blue Line discussions - - 182-214
Treaty negotiations with Ibn Saud, 1914-15 - 183-195
Construction of Articles I and II of Treaty of 1915 196
Agreement of 1922 with Ibn Saud on Koweit
boundaries - - _ _ _ xgg
Summary, 1914-22 ----- 199
Ibn Saud warned to respect Qatar, 1922 - - 200
Reassertion of Wahabi influence in Trucial Oman,
1922-34 ------ 201-206
Position at Baraimi, 1927-34 - - _ 207-208
Treaty of Jedda, 1927 - _ _ _ 210-212
Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913-14 not com
municated to Ibn Saud, 1927 - - - 213
H.M. Government regard the Blue Line as Ibn
Saud’s Eastern frontier, 1934 - - - 214
VI. Conclusion - - _ - _ _ 215-243
General historical Survey - - - - 216-224
Points of special interest - - - - 226-243
A. Policy of H.M. Government, 1800-1934 - 226-229
B. Engagements of H.M. Government to the
Wahabis, 1800-1934 - - - 230-232
C. Siatus of the Trucial Sheikhs and their
relation to the Wahabis, 1800-1934 - 233-235
D. Extent of Wahabi control in the area to
the East of Nejd, 1800-1934 - - 236-237
E. History and position of Baraimi, 1800-1934 238
1. Extent to which the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn
Saud have in the past professed allegiance
n ^rkey - - - - 239-242
G. The legal position - - - - _ 243
Appendices :—A. Treaty between Ibn Saud and the Turks, May 1914
B. Boundaries of the Trucial Sheikhdoms and of Independent
Oman, 1905 ------
C. Map showing extent of Wahabi and Muscat power, 1865. -
D. The Manasir and the A1 Morra Tribes ; 1905 and 1916 -

About this item

Content

This volume primarily concerns British policy regarding the south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia.

It includes interdepartmental discussion regarding the approach that the British Government should take in reaching a settlement with King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] over the demarcation of the boundaries.

Much of the correspondence discusses the legal and international position of what is referred to as the 'blue line' (the frontier which marked the Ottoman Government's renunciation of its claims to Bahrain and Qatar, as laid down in the non-ratified Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 and redefined and adopted in the Anglo-Ottoman convention of the following year), a line which is not accepted by Ibn Saud as being binding upon his government.

The volume features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Gordon Loch); the Chief Commissioner, Aden (Bernard Rawdon Reilly, referred to in the correspondence as Resident); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the War Office, and the Air Ministry.

Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Whether the British should press Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] for a general settlement of all outstanding major questions.
  • The extent of territory that the British should be prepared to include in any concession made to Ibn Saud.
  • The British response to what are referred to as Ibn Saud's 'ancestral claims' to territories east of the blue line.
  • Sir Andrew Ryan's meetings with Ibn Saud in Taif, in July 1934.
  • Meetings held at the Foreign Office between Sir Andrew Ryan, George Rendel (Head of the Foreign Office's Eastern Department), Fuad Bey Hamza (Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs), and Hafiz Wahba (Saudi Arabian Minister in London), in September 1934.
  • The boundaries of a proposed 'desert zone', suggested by Rendel, where Ibn Saud would hold personal rather than territorial rights.
  • Saudi-Qatari relations.
  • Whether tribal boundaries should be considered as a possible solution to the boundary question.

Also included are the following:

The Arabic material consists of one item of correspondence (an English translation is included).

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 4).

Extent and format
1 volume (392 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 394; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 6/67(1) 'Boundaries of South-Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [‎172v] (349/794), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2134, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100056574349.0x000096> [accessed 11 November 2019]

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