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'Military report on Tehran and adjacent Provinces of North-West Persia (including the Caspian Littoral)' [‎7v] (19/610)

The record is made up of 1 volume (301 folios). It was created in 1922. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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his rivjiis and fought his way to the throne. His death in
17/9 was followed by another period of fierce and bloody strife
during winch Igha Muhammad Khan, chief of the Kaj5r tribe
o Astarabad, which had been prominent throughout these civil
J?5f’ established his position until he was crowned
baah ot Persia at Tehran in 1796.
This establishment of the Kajar dynasty marks the
ment of a new epoch in persian history.
Its salient point are :—
L The ® hi _ ftin S of t^e capital of Persia from Isfahan or
bmraz to Tehran, which increased the importance
ot this North Western area.
2. The loss of the Caucasian provinces of Persia and
her envelopment by Russia along the whole
length of her Northern frontier, the Russianization
ot the Caspian, and gradual Russian penetration
mto these Northern provinces and consequent
conflict of Russian with British influence, which
resulted in the baneful rivalry of these 2 powers
antl tlle distraction of Persia between them.
1116 gradual transition through the 19th century "from
a medieval Oriental monarchy, surrounded by
other Oriental states, and depending on the power
oi the sword and survival of the fittest, to a weak
monarchy with peaceful hereditary succession main
tained by powerful European ‘ neighbours, and
finally m the 20th century shorn of its powers by a
Constitutional movement inspired by European
influence. Attendant on the diminution of the
force and vigour of the ruler has been the decay
and disintegration of the Persian State.
These points are described in paragraphs 1 to 3 viz. :■
1. The growth of Russian influence in Northern Persia
2 . The decline of British influence in Northern Persia, and
the Anglo-Russian rivalry in Tehran.
3. The Constitutional movement.
The concluding paragraphs of the historical sketch are
4. Persian history from 1914 to 1920 with relation to the
Persia Government an( l this area of North Western
5. Separate histories of the principal provinces of this
area subsequent to the Persian revolution of 1906.

About this item


Military report compiled by Captain LS Fortescue of the General Staff of the Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force and printed in Calcutta at the Superintendent Government Printing, India, 1922.

The volume begins with a statement defining the geographical area covered by the report. The report is divided into ten chapters, plus appendices, each concerning a different subject, as follows:

  • Chapter 1: History
  • Chapter 2: Geography
  • Chapter 3: Climate, Water, Medical and Aviation
  • Chapter 4: Ethnography
  • Chapter 5: Administration (including a table of provinces with administrative details (folios 123-30)
  • Chapter 6: Armed Forces of the Persian Government
  • Chapter 7: Economic Resources
  • Chapter 8: Tribes
  • Chapter 9: Personalities
  • Chapter 10: Communications
  • Appendices: Glossary of terms; Weights, measures and coinage; Bibliography; Historical sketch (Chapter 1) continued from June 1920 to the end of 1921

At the back of the volume (folio 302) is a map to illustrate the report.

Extent and format
1 volume (301 folios)

There is a contents page (folio 5) and list of illustrations (folio 6) at the front of the volume and an index at the back (folios 270-300). All refer to the volume's original pagination. The index also includes map references of all places marked on the map.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 303; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Military report on Tehran and adjacent Provinces of North-West Persia (including the Caspian Littoral)' [‎7v] (19/610), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/23, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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