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Coll 5/33(2) ‘AIR ROUTE TO INDIA: MUSCAT CIVIL AIR AGREEMENT (NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEW AGREEMENT)’ [‎237r] (473/1089)

The record is made up of 1 file (543 folios). It was created in 7 Mar 1945-2 Nov 1948. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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A.M. Form 1701
(549) Wt. 32494—02094 500sn 4 fort* 10/43 G-S.St. Cp «30
MOST SECRET
WARNING.—This cypher message must first be paraphrased If It Is necessary to publish
Its text or to communicate it to persons outside British Government
Services and Departments. Messages marked One-Time Pad : “ O.T.P.”
are excepted from this rule.
/-v . EGQD,
FROl.
TO:-
B. P. .DS .
. 1 .. L0. D< u .
Rpri'P-TOD:- H. '. H. . P.FED. . F
.15309
(Reed /FIGS. 23rd 1/Iarch 1 9P7).
I .Ii~0R r !\ .! T. TOP 3 OCR TT,
AOCX. 57 HRIiGH 22nd.
>1 f Your i.oX. 557 March 5th Muscat Air .greemont. I visited
Salalah and liasirah be.t-een the Seventh and TVentieth Aargh. At
3 alalah I mot the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. Muscat, discussed‘the hew agreement
with him and also with the Aultan of Muscat .and Oman.
2 . The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. informed the Sultan of the requirements
in your RAX 557 Parch *5. 11 PP require/aents ‘and the civil air
agreement have been negotiated for05,000 re{.xsat _f 6000 per annum.
3 # Details of the new Muscat Air Agreement are too voluminous to
send by signal and they have first to be seen by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
Persian'Gulf for his comments prior to forwarding to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
I consider that the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. Muscat has been most successful m
his negotiations. There are however certain points which the Suitan
has stipulated which must be included in the agreement. 3 o far as the
R.A.F. is concerned they arc
(1) that the perimeter of the camp buildings at Salalah must be
enclosed by barbed wire.
(2) The Sultan is emphatic that the number of Askars for guard
duties should be increased 80 plus 6 for off-loading
duties t uisut.
Thf aet-'lls rf this 'rf.ll bcRxplairioa in the Political Agents IctVrto
the lolitical Tr.sident. In vi,w of the foot that c h-ve scvoralf
rights under the agreement for £6000 I think c should agree to this number.
4 . Included, in the S6000 are both ialalah ~nd Hasirah fl^f^ings
includin, the ¥.<f.'.C .compound frill be av.ailable to th°»-
Sultan informed me on'the 18th March that he had pur chase _,hree of -
Anc :.ican huts at Salalah which we must now consider a. lost -o u„ .. o
a cc omraodat i on.
5 At Salalah the B.O. '.C. compound will provide accomeodati'n for
approximately eight officers mad 20 airmen. 7 officer; and A 0 aime
compound would .provide acoommod'\tion or e d modification as
But the accommodation for airmen at ohis place cuia nc
nr viously it was used for Umarersc and Indian t
/ 6 .
Note.—In the interests of economy, both sides of this sheet should be used.

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Content

The file contains correspondence and notes related to negotiations between the British Government and the Sultan of Muscat and Oman, Sa‘īd ibn Taymūr Āl Bū Sa‘īd, for a new Civil Air Agreement; Britain's aviation rights in Oman during the Second World War (1939-1945) had depended on a War Subsidy agreement with the Sultan, which expired at the end of 1946. It therefore contains supplementary correspondence determining British civil and military aviation requirements in Oman; the focus of discussion being the airfields at Gwadur [Gwadar], Masirah, Riyan, and Salalah. In the process the file documents a decision to use the Civil Air Agreement as cover for Royal Air Force (RAF) requirements, British civil requirements being minimal. Draft copies of the Muscat Civil Air Agreement can be found on folios 196-212 and 344-362, while the text of the final agreement – signed in 1947 – can be found on folios 158-176.

Two copies of the International Civil Aviation Conference: Final Act with appendices have been included in the file as a result of discussion over the extent that the Muscat Civil Air Agreement should be along the lines of the Chicago Air Convention.

Two additional topics are covered as a result of commitments made to the Sultan of Muscat as part of negotiations for the Civil Air Agreement: the supply of weapons and ammunition to the Sultan by the British Government, and the procurement of motor vehicles (lorries and tractors) of British manufacture for purchase by the Sultan. The latter commitment was in lieu of supplying the Sultan with US dollars for purchasing vehicles directly from the United States. Some correspondence with the Ford Motor Company Limited at Dagenham, Essex, has been included in relation to the purchase of tractors. Details of vehicle specifications can be found amongst the correspondence.

The file also includes communications between Air Headquarters (Iraq), Air Headquarters (Aden), and the Air Ministry, in December 1946 discussing the feasibility of measures suggested by the latter to reduce the maintenance costs of local airfields: Masirah, Riyan, and Salalah.

The main correspondents are as follows: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Charles Geoffry Prior, William Rupert Hay, and Arnold Crawshaw Galloway), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul at Muscat (Andrew Charles Stewart), officials of the Air Ministry, officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (the Commonwealth Relations Office from August 1947), officials of the Ministry for Civil Aviation (M W Low), officials of the Ministry of Supply, officials of the War Office, and officials of the External Affairs Department for the Government of India.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (543 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 544; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 5/33(2) ‘AIR ROUTE TO INDIA: MUSCAT CIVIL AIR AGREEMENT (NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEW AGREEMENT)’ [‎237r] (473/1089), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/1985, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100060249767.0x00004a> [accessed 16 October 2019]

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