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Coll 28/99 ‘Persia. Anglo-Persian Relations. Treaty negotiations, 1937– (Perso-Baluch Frontier Demarcation)’ [‎48v] (96/275)

The record is made up of 1 file (135 folios). It was created in 9 Feb 1935-17 Oct 1939. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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8
Pol. Res. to Minister,
Teheran, Dec. 13
1898.
f Viceroy to S. of S.
for I., Feb. 16 1908,
P. 864/08
37. As regards the merits of that claim, the historical summary above-
shows that the history of the islands prior to 1750 is obscure; that since
that date such authority and sitcli effective occupation as there has been
has had its source in the Jowasimi Arabs, who between 1750 and 1820'
exercised in the Gulf a maritime control uncontested by Persia. There is
nothing to show that those Arabs, having obtained a footing on the Persian
coast, thence derived authority over outlying islands. Probability suggests
rather that they carried with them to their new settlement a position in the
islands which they already possessed. The fact that a section of these Arab
intruders later acquired the status of Persian subjects, and held their
authority on the Persian coast in subordination to the Persian Government
as local Chiefs or Governors, cannot affect any original rights the Jowasimi
tribes on the Arab and the Jowasimi tribes on the Persian littoral may have
had in common; an intimate connection appears to have been maintained
between the two sections of the tribe, and the islands remained their common
property and did not become Persian territory ; nor, the islands being held
by a Sheikh only on behalf of the tribes, had an individual power to alienate
any sovereign territorial rights which he might enjoy qua ruler of these
tribes.! Finally, de facto possession resting with the Jowasimi Arabs of the
Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , it would appear to be for Persia, in the absence of evidence at
any stage of effective Persian occupation or of acknowledgment by the
Trucial Arabs of Persian overlordship in the islands, to prove the case for
alteration of the status quo.
38. As between His Majesty’s Government and the Trucial Chiefs
concerned, the latter, under their treaty engagements, are entitled to the
protection of His Majesty’s Government and are not themselves allowed to
communicate or negotiate direct with any foreign Power. Apart from the
fact that their claim to the islands has consistently been upheld by His
Majesty’s Government, it was on the initiative of His Majesty’s Government
that the Jowasimi Sheikh of Shargah and Ras-al-Khaima hoisted his flag on
Tamb and Abu Musa in 1903 (see paras. 17 and 18 above).
39. The satisfactory disposal of the matter is important in view of its
immediate reactions on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , and the wider reactions on
Mohammedan feeling in India of disturbance in that region. But its
importance from its possible reactions on the relations of the Trucial Chiefs
with Ibn Sand is hardly less great.
J. G. L.
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ,
24th August 1928.

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning the Persian [Iranian] Government’s renewed desire in 1937 to finalise a treaty of friendship between Britain and Iran (also referred to in the file as the Anglo-Persian Consular Convention). The papers, chiefly exchanged between HM Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in Tehran, Horace James Seymour, the Foreign Office, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , cover: outstanding points remaining to be agreed prior to the signing of any treaty, including the withdrawal of Iran’s claims to Bahrain, Tamb [Greater Tunb] and Abu Musa, and the demarcation of the Perso-Baluch frontier, between Iran and British Baluchistan, now part of Pakistan; the British Government and Government of India’s reluctance to commit to a demarcation of the Perso-Baluch frontier, in part because of the financial implications of such a project; the despatch of an Iranian technical commission between February and May 1938 to recommence a survey of the Perso-Baluch frontier that was originally started in 1932; arrangements for the Government of India’s cooperation with the Iranian survey party, with the support of the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Chagai; reports on the Iranian survey party’s activity and progress; a confidential entitled ‘Status of the Islands of Tamb, Little Tamb, Abu Musa and Sirri’ written by John Gilbert Laithwaite of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and dated 24 August 1928 (ff 45-48); the return of the Iranian survey party to the frontier in late 1938.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (135 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 137; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 28/99 ‘Persia. Anglo-Persian Relations. Treaty negotiations, 1937– (Perso-Baluch Frontier Demarcation)’ [‎48v] (96/275), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3510, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100060753427.0x000063> [accessed 14 December 2019]

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