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Coll 28/65 ‘Persia. Perso-Soviet Commercial Relations.’ [‎5v] (11/482)

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The record is made up of 1 file (239 folios). It was created in 23 Mar 1933-30 May 1940. It was written in English, French and Russian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Whenever during the validity of this treaty the Iranian Government, by
raising the annual quotas, increases the quantity of a foreign commodity to be
imported into Iran, a share in the increase, proportionate to the quota of Iran’s
imports of that commodity assigned to the U.S.S.R. before the increase in the
annual quotas (was made), shall be allotted to the U.S.S.R.
In the event of the Iranian Government giving permission for the import ^
of fixed quotas of a commodity whose import is at present forbidden, the U.S.S.R.
shall be given the right to take up a share of the import in question during the
validity of this treaty, and this share shall be fixed by agreement between the
Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. and the Iranian Ministry of Commerce.
The Iranian Ministry of Commerce shall give favourable consideration to the
proposals of the Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. in this matter.
(3) The Iranian Government shall give the necessary assistance to the
Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. in Iran in the conclusion of commercial
contracts with the departments and associations of the Iranian Government, and
with the associations operating on behalf of the (Iranian) Government, for the
purchase of Iranian and the sale of Soviet goods, the handling of which is within
the scope of the departments and associations in question, at the usual rates and
under the usual conditions.
The Government of the U.S.S.R. agrees for its part that the total value of
Soviet imports into Iran, sold for rials according to the relevant contracts to
the Iranian Government and to the departments and associations above mentioned,
shall at least not be less than the total value of goods purchased in rials from the
Iranian Government and the departments and associations above mentioned, and
exported from Iran.
(4) The Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. in Iran and the economic
organisations of the Soviet shall have the right to sell Soviet goods to Iranian
traders, associations of traders, and non-governmental associations, and to
purchase Iranian goods from the aforesaid Iranian traders and associations.
The Government of the U.S.S.R. agrees that the total value of Soviet goods
imported into Iran and sold to traders, associations of traders and non
governmental associations for rials shall at least not be less than the total value
of goods purchased in rials from the traders and associations aforesaid and
exported to the U.S.S.R.
(5) The Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. in Iran and the economic
organisations of the Soviet, when obtaining licences to import goods into Iran
in accordance with the annual quotas, shall be exempt from the production of
certificates of export of Iranian goods.
The Iranian Ministry of Commerce shall issue without hindrance to the
Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. in Iran, and to the economic organisations
of the Soviet, licences to import goods according to the annual quotas provided
for in section ( 2 ) of this article. The list mentioned in that section shall be
tantamount to a general licence.
( 6 ) The Iranian Government agrees not to enforce exchange restrictions,
which are at present in force or which may be brought into force during the
validity of this treaty, in respect of the organisations of the Soviet, where such
restrictions would interfere with the operation of this treaty.
(7) The Iranian Government shall grant to the Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the
U.S.S.R. in Iran, as well as to the economic organisations of the Soviet, the right
to participate in all tenders called for by Iranian departments for the purchase
of materials and accessories from abroad, with the benefit of the conditions
enjoyed by all participants.
( 8 ) The Iranian Government agrees to grant to the Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of
the U.S.S.R. in Iran, and to the economic organisations of the Soviet, the right
to set up petrol pumps in Iran and to construct petroleum storage depots and
other buildings necessary for dealing in petroleum and its products, in accordance
with the laws and regulations in force during the validity of this treaty.
(9) It is agreed that every six months a commission, composed of an equal
number of members drawn from accredited representatives of the Iranian
Ministry of Commerce and the Commercial Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the U.S.S.R. in Iran, shall
review the results of commercial operations during the preceding six months’
working of the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation in order to keep the course
of trade between the two parties in conformity with the spirit of this treaty.

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Content

Correspondence, newspaper cuttings, treaties and other papers, reporting on commercial relations between Persia [Iran] and Russia. The papers cover: a deterioration in relations between Persia and Russia in 1932-33, culminating in the ban on Russian imports into Persia; the Persian Government’s Foreign Trade Monopoly Act of 1933 (ff 218-223); the Irano-Soviet Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation, agreed between the two nations in 1935; a copy of the treaty in French (ff 101-106); a further printed copy of the treaty in French and Russian (ff 42-85); the termination of the 1935 treaty in 1938; the agreement of a new Treaty of Commerce and Navigation in 1940, created in response to events in the Second World War (ff 3-7).

The file’s principal correspondents are: HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Tehran, Reginald Hervey Hoare, Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull Hugesson, Horace James Seymour; the British Chargé d’Affaires at Tehran, Victor Alexander Louis Mallet; the Commercial Secretary at the British Legation in Tehran, Sydney Simmonds; HM’s Ambassador to Russia, the Viscount Chilston, Aretas Akers-Douglas; Noel Hughes Havelock Charles of the British Embassy in Moscow.

The file includes several items in French, being newspaper cuttings and texts from the Persian newspapers Le Messager de Teheran and Le Journal de Tehran.

Extent and format
1 file (239 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 240; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English, French and Russian in Latin and Cyrillic script
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Coll 28/65 ‘Persia. Perso-Soviet Commercial Relations.’ [‎5v] (11/482), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3471, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061593622.0x00000e> [accessed 6 December 2019]

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