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Coll 28/65 ‘Persia. Perso-Soviet Commercial Relations.’ [‎116v] (233/482)

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The record is made up of 1 file (239 folios). It was created in 23 Mar 1933-30 May 1940. It was written in English, French and Russian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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2
commercial representation at Tehran recently announced the setting up of a
section, under the name of Exportstroy, for the preparation of plans and technical
projects in connexion with the equipment of industrial enterprises.
7. There is a rather large discrepancy between the figure of 180 million rials
given by the Minister for Foreign Affairs as the amount of the balanced trade for
the first year if the new agreement and that of 250 million rials given by the Soviet
Charge d’Affaires. The possibility that the shrinking imports of cotton goods,
sugar, matches and petroleum products from the Soviet Union might be augmented
by other Soviet manufactures and machinery has on several occasions been referred
to in reports from this Legation, and the orders placed for granary equipment,
wool-washing and rice-cleaning machinery are not very surprising, following as
they do on the visit in the spring of an official Iranian delegation to a whole
series of Soviet agricultural and industrial establishments. It is too early to
indicate to what extent Soviet enterprise will be able to compete with European
firms in supplying industrial machinery for Iranian Government contracts, but
the shortage of foreign exchange and the increasing tendency towards com
pensation agreements, to which reference is made in another despatch by this mail,
will be definite factors in their favour.
8 . I am sending copies of this despatch to the Department of Overseas Trade
(No. O.T. (B) 205). to the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India
and to His Majesty's Ambassador at Bagdad (No. 81).
I have, &c.
H. M. KNATCHBULL-HUGESSEN.
Enclosure 1 .
Extract from the Messager de Teheran of September 2, 1935.
Les Relations irano-sovietiques.
Moscou.
LE traite de commerce ainsi que les conventions signes entre I'U.R.S.S. et
Flran ont une portee plus grande que celle d un simple traite de commerce.
Les actes signes regularisent les relations entre les deux pays que les traites
d'amitie de 1921 et 1927 ont amorcees mais que diverses circonstances, notamment
le boycottage des marchandises sovietiques par ITran, avaient refroidies.
D’autre part, lesdits actes neutraliseront les consequences, defavorables pour
ITran, de la disparition de la foire de Nijni-Novgorod en 1918, cette foire servant
de lieu d'approvisionnement et de marche pour ITran.
Le traite nouveau constitue un chainon de la nouvelle politique de 1'U.R.S.S.,
qui veut etendre son influence en bordure de ses frontieres orientales : la Mongolie,
la Turquie et ITran.
L’Accord irano-sovietique prevoit la construction en Iran, par TU.R.S.S., des
fabriques diverses et des livraisons des machines comme pour la Turquie.
On ne sait pas si I'U.R.S.S. accordera egalement des credits a ITran comme
elle a accorde a la Turquie.
Enclosure 2.
Memorandum by the Commercial Secretary, Tehran, respecting the Soviet-
Iranian Treaty of Commerce.
THE Soviet Charge d’Affaires said that the most important article of the
commercial treaty was article 10 , the remaining articles being largely decorative
in character.
Article 10 fixes the. principles and methods to be applied in the commercial
relations between the two countries. The Soviet Government has assumed the
obligation to purchase all raw cotton, wool and undressed skins available for
export from Iran, the Iranian Government undertaking to increase the amounts

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Content

Correspondence, newspaper cuttings, treaties and other papers, reporting on commercial relations between Persia [Iran] and Russia. The papers cover: a deterioration in relations between Persia and Russia in 1932-33, culminating in the ban on Russian imports into Persia; the Persian Government’s Foreign Trade Monopoly Act of 1933 (ff 218-223); the Irano-Soviet Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation, agreed between the two nations in 1935; a copy of the treaty in French (ff 101-106); a further printed copy of the treaty in French and Russian (ff 42-85); the termination of the 1935 treaty in 1938; the agreement of a new Treaty of Commerce and Navigation in 1940, created in response to events in the Second World War (ff 3-7).

The file’s principal correspondents are: HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Tehran, Reginald Hervey Hoare, Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull Hugesson, Horace James Seymour; the British Chargé d’Affaires at Tehran, Victor Alexander Louis Mallet; the Commercial Secretary at the British Legation in Tehran, Sydney Simmonds; HM’s Ambassador to Russia, the Viscount Chilston, Aretas Akers-Douglas; Noel Hughes Havelock Charles of the British Embassy in Moscow.

The file includes several items in French, being newspaper cuttings and texts from the Persian newspapers Le Messager de Teheran and Le Journal de Tehran.

Extent and format
1 file (239 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 240; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English, French and Russian in Latin and Cyrillic script
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Coll 28/65 ‘Persia. Perso-Soviet Commercial Relations.’ [‎116v] (233/482), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3471, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061593623.0x000024> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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