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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎6r] (16/1062)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (527 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1929-15 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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54
3. I am sending copies of this despatch to the Principal Secretarv nf
State for Foreign Affairs in the Department of Overseas Trade and to ^is
Excellency the High Commissioner for Transjordan.
P, Z.-5662/37.
Enclosure in Air M?iil letter No. 35, dated the 28th August 1937, from
Secretary, Political and Secret Department, IndirOffice."
Letter from Petroleum Concessions Ltd., London, to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.
Whitehall, S. W. 1., No. (P. C. 26 B/442), dated the 24th August
1937.
For the geological exploration of the Trucial Shaikhdoms, which we
hope to continue in the forthcoming season, the Company will be using the
same geologist in charge of the party as before, Mr. T. F. Williamson. To
assist him it is proposed to send Monsieur Rene Pomeyrol, a French subject.
Monsieur Pomeyrol worked for us last season in Saudi Arabia, and enjoys
the confidence of the Company from all points of view. We therefore ask
you to give us your necessary agreement to his employment in this capacity
on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. .
Monsieur Pomeyrol was born in 1904, studied and obtained his diploma
from the Ecole Normale des Combustibles of Strasbourg, has done his military
service, and has had experience in the Field in Chile, Syria and France.
It is hoped that you will find no difficulty in according us the permission
asked.
The Company has not upon its strength, and is not in contact with,
any geologist of equal capacity, of British nationality, who would be avail
able for the work.
Copies sent to Bushire and Bahrain.
(41)
Enclosure in Foreign Office covering letter No. P. Z.-5453/37, dated the 18th
August 1937.
Letter from British Legation, Jedda, to Foreign Office, No. E. 4486/
27/91, dated THE 29th July 1937.
Note by Sir R. Bullard respecting King Ibn Saud and the Italians.
When I was at Riyadh Ibn Saud seemed to be more concerned than
ever about the Italians. He referred to M. Mussolini slightingly as the
“ Sword of Islam,” but spoke with apprehension about his disposition to
interfere in the affairs of other countries-now Abyssinia, now Spam or the
Red Sea. He said that according to news from the Yemen the Italians we
showing great activity in the Red Sea and had recently lande f ] ™ e ? > °' 1 h ‘ j
Island aSd its neighbour. I reminded the King of what Mr Rendel had
said to him about the Italians and the Red Sea during is vi Italian
he was only half reassured. I promised to keep him mformed of any Ita,han
move in the Red Sea of which we might become aware The King said that
only two or three nights before, the Italian wireless had again referred to t
close interest taken by M. Mussolini in Moslem v H t ? ie q "°h a Klan
amusement the neat rebuke administered to . ' | " t sa ; f j that in his
when M. Mussolini claimed to be the protector °f f“ a r ago
opinion the Italian propaganda was dangerou . _ ^ immediately
that the Grand Mufti of Palestine had accepted ana i was
asked the Mufti whether the story was true ^e “uftasaM^m ^ ^ ^
baseless, and that he would tell I bn an assured Ibn Saud that ho
pilgrimage. When he came Mec c a he Mn — whQ claimed them-
was not even m touch with the Italic , , I ^ did not accep fc
selves to be in touch with Italian circles had aa f, e f n ^“ do y wi th the Italians.
Italian help, but he had refused to fr om the Italians.
As for himself, Ibn Saud did not even want to buy rines

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Content

This volume compiles printed copies of letters, telegrams, memoranda and newspaper extracts relating to Britain's involvement across the Arabian Peninsula during the period 1929-1938. Whilst the correspondence encompasses all matters concerning British interests in the region, much of it relates to Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia). Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Reports of unrest in the Hejaz.
  • Relations between Imam Yeha Hamid-Ud-Din [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen] and Ibn Saud.
  • Reports of raids and arms trafficking on the Transjordan-Nejd frontier.
  • Reports of the proceedings of British naval ships in the Red Sea.
  • Details of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] revolt against Ibn Saud, including the movements of one of the revolt's leaders, Faisal Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], and his surrender to the British in Kuwait.
  • Relations between Kuwait and Nejd.
  • Relations between Iraq and Nejd, including a proposed meeting between Ibn Saud and King Faisal [Fayṣal] of Iraq, and reports of a treaty of alliance between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Objections from the Hejaz Government to Royal Air Force aircraft flying over Nejd territory.
  • The purchase of arms by the Hejaz Government from Poland.
  • Ibn Saud's annexation of Asir.
  • The death of King Hussein [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī].
  • Harry St John Bridger Philby's conversion to Islam, his mapping of Rub-al-Khali, and his reported spreading of Saudi propaganda in the Aden Protectorate.
  • The currency exchange crisis in the Hejaz-Nejd and the financial situation in the kingdom generally.
  • Reports on a survey of the water and mineral content of the Hejaz coastal area.
  • Relations between Soviet Russia and Saudi Arabia.
  • The emigration of Jews from Yemen to Palestine, via Aden.
  • British fears that Italy might harbour ambitions to annex Yemen.
  • Saudi oil concessions.
  • Italian-Saudi relations.

Prominent correspondents include the following: the British Agent (later His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires) at Jeddah; His Majesty's Minister at Jeddah; the High Commissioner for Egypt; the High Commissioner for Iraq; the High Commissioner for Transjordan; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (later Chief Commissioner, and later still, Governor), Aden; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; His Majesty's Ambassador to Iraq; His Majesty's Ambassador to Italy; the Secretary of State for the Colonies; the Minister (and Acting Minister) for Foreign Affairs for the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia); Ibn Saud; King Feisal of Iraq; the Prime Minister of Iraq; various officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the Air Ministry, and the Admiralty.

The French material in the volume consists of several items of correspondence and a copy of a treaty between France and Yemen, which was signed in April 1936.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (527 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The items of correspondence are divided (roughly) into various sections. Each extract or item of correspondence within these sections has its own number, which is enclosed in brackets. These numbers proceed in ascending (and approximate chronological) order from left to right; however, the sections themselves proceed in reverse, from the rear to the front of the volume, in distinct groups (e.g. for 1929 numbers 1-23, which are located at folios 517-526, are followed by numbers 24-49 at folios 509-516, which are then followed by numbers 50-89 at folios 494-508, and so on).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 529; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: each section of correspondence within the volume (as described in the arrangement field) has its own pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎6r] (16/1062), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2071, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061765163.0x000011> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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