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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎7r] (18/1062)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (527 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1929-15 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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56
children in Mecca had dolls to play with, toy rabbits, and the like. It is
true that it is unlawful, according to a well-known Moslem authority, for any
Moslem to have an image in his house ; but, according to the same authority
Mahomet cursed all painters of men or animals, yet photography is allowed
in the Hejaz. Ibn Saud allows himself to be photographed, and this year a
cinema film of the pilgrimage was taken and afterwards shown in Egypt,
which could hardly have been taken without the King’s consent. But per
haps there is some distinction in the Wahabi tenets between figures in the
round and in the flat, which enables the latter to be classed as harmless, or
perhaps photographs can be attributed to light and therefore to Allah.
6. There is yet another measure which I hear is to be applied during the
forthcoming pilgrim season, though it has not been announced in public.
All women pilgrims are to wear complete wrappings such as the Hejaz women
wear. Of late years some women pilgrims have been wearing the pre-war
Turkish dress (black) of cape, close-fitting hood, and thinnish veil, but this
is no longer to be considered adequate. It is not known what action will be
taken against recalcitrants, still more against any women who are rash enough
to follow the example of those Egyptian ladies who, I am assured, some
times appeared unveiled even in the courtyard of the Mecca mosque this last
season.
7. Copies of this despatch are being sent to Cairo, Bagdad and Jerusalem.
(43)
Enclosure in Foreign Office covering letter No. P. Z.-5506/37, dated the
20th August 1937.
Received on 11th September 1937, with Political Secretary's letter No. 34, dated
the 26th August 1937.
Endorsement from Paris to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , No. 555, dated the 22nd
April 1937.
His Majesty’s representative at Paris presents his compliments to the
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and, with reference to Foreign Office
despatch No. 2123 of the 15th December, 1936, has the honour to transmit
to him copy of an extract from the Journal officiel of the 22nd April respecting
a decree promulgating the treaty of friendship of the 25th April, 1936,
between France and the Yemen.
Enclosure.
Promulgation du Traite d’Amitie signe d Sanaa le 25 Avril 1956 entre la France
et le Yemen.
LE President de la Republique frangaise,
Sur la proposition du Ministre des Affaires etrangeres.
pleine et entiere execution :
f r a mitip, entre la France et le Yemen.
relations entre leurs deux pays,
59(C) ExAffairsDept.

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Content

This volume compiles printed copies of letters, telegrams, memoranda and newspaper extracts relating to Britain's involvement across the Arabian Peninsula during the period 1929-1938. Whilst the correspondence encompasses all matters concerning British interests in the region, much of it relates to Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia). Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Reports of unrest in the Hejaz.
  • Relations between Imam Yeha Hamid-Ud-Din [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen] and Ibn Saud.
  • Reports of raids and arms trafficking on the Transjordan-Nejd frontier.
  • Reports of the proceedings of British naval ships in the Red Sea.
  • Details of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] revolt against Ibn Saud, including the movements of one of the revolt's leaders, Faisal Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], and his surrender to the British in Kuwait.
  • Relations between Kuwait and Nejd.
  • Relations between Iraq and Nejd, including a proposed meeting between Ibn Saud and King Faisal [Fayṣal] of Iraq, and reports of a treaty of alliance between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Objections from the Hejaz Government to Royal Air Force aircraft flying over Nejd territory.
  • The purchase of arms by the Hejaz Government from Poland.
  • Ibn Saud's annexation of Asir.
  • The death of King Hussein [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī].
  • Harry St John Bridger Philby's conversion to Islam, his mapping of Rub-al-Khali, and his reported spreading of Saudi propaganda in the Aden Protectorate.
  • The currency exchange crisis in the Hejaz-Nejd and the financial situation in the kingdom generally.
  • Reports on a survey of the water and mineral content of the Hejaz coastal area.
  • Relations between Soviet Russia and Saudi Arabia.
  • The emigration of Jews from Yemen to Palestine, via Aden.
  • British fears that Italy might harbour ambitions to annex Yemen.
  • Saudi oil concessions.
  • Italian-Saudi relations.

Prominent correspondents include the following: the British Agent (later His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires) at Jeddah; His Majesty's Minister at Jeddah; the High Commissioner for Egypt; the High Commissioner for Iraq; the High Commissioner for Transjordan; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (later Chief Commissioner, and later still, Governor), Aden; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; His Majesty's Ambassador to Iraq; His Majesty's Ambassador to Italy; the Secretary of State for the Colonies; the Minister (and Acting Minister) for Foreign Affairs for the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia); Ibn Saud; King Feisal of Iraq; the Prime Minister of Iraq; various officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the Air Ministry, and the Admiralty.

The French material in the volume consists of several items of correspondence and a copy of a treaty between France and Yemen, which was signed in April 1936.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (527 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The items of correspondence are divided (roughly) into various sections. Each extract or item of correspondence within these sections has its own number, which is enclosed in brackets. These numbers proceed in ascending (and approximate chronological) order from left to right; however, the sections themselves proceed in reverse, from the rear to the front of the volume, in distinct groups (e.g. for 1929 numbers 1-23, which are located at folios 517-526, are followed by numbers 24-49 at folios 509-516, which are then followed by numbers 50-89 at folios 494-508, and so on).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 529; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: each section of correspondence within the volume (as described in the arrangement field) has its own pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎7r] (18/1062), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2071, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061765163.0x000013> [accessed 11 November 2019]

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