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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎41v] (87/1062)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (527 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1929-15 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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fiK^fthfnjC
4i
, , , n • now to train Husain for the task of govern-
instead of Ahmad, and to beg the request that two Moslems from
ment. There is a P a b'" r ‘ ,, on the Council of Notables whose formation is
Syria, Egypt or I rac l ® h ?\ foreign interference is referred to, it appears
recommended In so far as 1“^ level ag the Italians.
that the British are p earnestness about the certainty that trouble
2. Ibn Saud spoke wi^g Imam’s death, if not before. The open
must break out m the Ye revo it will break out before his honourable
letter assures the Imam that a rcvolt w ^ might be a piece of pro .
coffin has reached the behind it, for all I could tell, for I have
paganda for Husam wi theVemen but Ibn Saud was doubtless telling
htle direct f ^bf^y’well informed. He referred to the
the truth when he claimed to y against Ahmad. It will be
Wazir family as bemg^rthtimre^oitne^^ ^ ^ ^ yeaf _
HfsTaredto some extent in the honours paid to the three sons of the Imam
^ 1 3?^am sending copies of this despatch and enclosure to Cairo and Aden.
> I r
Enclosure to letter No. 44, dated 12th April 1937.
Summary of the Contents of an Open Letter addressed to the Imam Yahya and
signed “ The Loyal Tongue of the Nation ”.
The Imam’s rule has been partly good and partly bad, but his piety has
caused and still causes, his people to overlook the bad things and to be loyal
to him’and to his house. However, times are changing and men with them,
so he would be well advised to listen to franlky uttered counsels.
He wishes his son Ahmad to succeed him. Such a succession would be
disastrous, for Ahmad is incapable of governing ; in such an event the people
would be dissatisfied, and, on the death of the Imam Yahya, they would
rise in armed revolt. The agreements entered into with England and Italy,
with a view to strengthening Ahmad’s position, would prove valueless.
The writer then advises the Imam as follows :—
(1) To consult the Amirs, Ministers and officials as to the man they
consider a suitable successor to the Imamate. It does not
follow, of course, that they will speak their minds freely.
(2) To proclaim A1 Husain as his successor and initiate him, in the
Imam’s lifetime, into the work of government with the assist
ance of a council of notables. Among the members of such
a council should be two Moslem leaders or upright men from
Syria, Egypt or Iraq. This would be welcome to the people
who consider A1 Husain an honest and pious man, and would
mean the frustration of foreign designs.
(3) To persuade Ahmad to surrender his rights for the common weal
and recompense him by giving him the Amirate of Hejah, with
the revenues thereof, on condition that he takes his orders from
; the capital,
(4) To promote unity among his sons and send some of them to Egypt
to be educated at A1 Azhar or some other institution, under the
supervision of tutors appointed by him and by the Egyptian
Government. J
+wn- Ur tl l ese suggestions into execution, and the Imam
t W ; , IS ^ T + Ce 1° th f Saudi - Ira q Treaty will strengthen the Yemen ;
A1 Husain rii ri E v r r y 1 orei fc' ners - The importance of his recognising
1 Husain’s d trav?iW 1?fe w me f | tre . ssed onc e again, as is the importance of
foreign countries are rukd’ 1 ’ ^ Iraq in 0rder that he may see h ° W

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Content

This volume compiles printed copies of letters, telegrams, memoranda and newspaper extracts relating to Britain's involvement across the Arabian Peninsula during the period 1929-1938. Whilst the correspondence encompasses all matters concerning British interests in the region, much of it relates to Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia). Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Reports of unrest in the Hejaz.
  • Relations between Imam Yeha Hamid-Ud-Din [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen] and Ibn Saud.
  • Reports of raids and arms trafficking on the Transjordan-Nejd frontier.
  • Reports of the proceedings of British naval ships in the Red Sea.
  • Details of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] revolt against Ibn Saud, including the movements of one of the revolt's leaders, Faisal Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], and his surrender to the British in Kuwait.
  • Relations between Kuwait and Nejd.
  • Relations between Iraq and Nejd, including a proposed meeting between Ibn Saud and King Faisal [Fayṣal] of Iraq, and reports of a treaty of alliance between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Objections from the Hejaz Government to Royal Air Force aircraft flying over Nejd territory.
  • The purchase of arms by the Hejaz Government from Poland.
  • Ibn Saud's annexation of Asir.
  • The death of King Hussein [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī].
  • Harry St John Bridger Philby's conversion to Islam, his mapping of Rub-al-Khali, and his reported spreading of Saudi propaganda in the Aden Protectorate.
  • The currency exchange crisis in the Hejaz-Nejd and the financial situation in the kingdom generally.
  • Reports on a survey of the water and mineral content of the Hejaz coastal area.
  • Relations between Soviet Russia and Saudi Arabia.
  • The emigration of Jews from Yemen to Palestine, via Aden.
  • British fears that Italy might harbour ambitions to annex Yemen.
  • Saudi oil concessions.
  • Italian-Saudi relations.

Prominent correspondents include the following: the British Agent (later His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires) at Jeddah; His Majesty's Minister at Jeddah; the High Commissioner for Egypt; the High Commissioner for Iraq; the High Commissioner for Transjordan; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (later Chief Commissioner, and later still, Governor), Aden; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; His Majesty's Ambassador to Iraq; His Majesty's Ambassador to Italy; the Secretary of State for the Colonies; the Minister (and Acting Minister) for Foreign Affairs for the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia); Ibn Saud; King Feisal of Iraq; the Prime Minister of Iraq; various officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the Air Ministry, and the Admiralty.

The French material in the volume consists of several items of correspondence and a copy of a treaty between France and Yemen, which was signed in April 1936.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (527 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The items of correspondence are divided (roughly) into various sections. Each extract or item of correspondence within these sections has its own number, which is enclosed in brackets. These numbers proceed in ascending (and approximate chronological) order from left to right; however, the sections themselves proceed in reverse, from the rear to the front of the volume, in distinct groups (e.g. for 1929 numbers 1-23, which are located at folios 517-526, are followed by numbers 24-49 at folios 509-516, which are then followed by numbers 50-89 at folios 494-508, and so on).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 529; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: each section of correspondence within the volume (as described in the arrangement field) has its own pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎41v] (87/1062), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2071, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061765163.0x000058> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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