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Coll 15/3(1) 'Egypt. Abolition of Capitulations in Montreux Conference and Convention 1937' [‎117r] (238/1220)

The record is made up of 1 volume (606 folios). It was created in 31 Dec 1936-18 Apr 1939. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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to anv of the territories specified in that Order, or a
nerson who is deemed to belong to, or be a national
nf anv other British protectorate, protected State,
or’ mandated territory (other than a Palestinian
ritizen or a Transjordan national), or a person,
not being an Egyptian national to whom the status
nf a British protected person has been granted by
the Secretary of State. It does not include
<< Consular officer ” means a Consul-General,
Consul Vice-Consul, Consular Agent, or pro-
Consul’of His Majesty resident in Egypt, including
a person acting temporarily, with the approval of
the Secretary of State, as or for a Consul-General,
Consul, Vice-Consul, or Consular Agent of His
Majesty so resident. „
<< Consulate and Consular office mean
the Consulate and office of a Consular Officer.
“The Court” means the Court established under
this Order (including where the sense so requires
the Full Court), and, where any powers are to be
exercised, a Judge of the said Court (including
where the sense so requires a majority of the judges
of the Full Court or the Senior Judge of the Full
Court as the case may be), and in matters where,
according to the provisions of this Order or Rules
of Court, any powers may be exercised by the
Registrar, the Registrar of the said Court.
“ Egypt ” includes the national and territorial
waters of the Kingdom of Egypt.
“ Foreigner ” means any person who is not a
British subject or British protected person.
“ His Majesty’s Ambassador ” means His
Majesty’s Ambassador in Egypt, and includes any
officer being or acting as His Majesty’s Representa
tive in Egypt.
“ The Judge ” means the Judge of the Court
and, in the absence of the Judge, an Assistant
Judge acting for the Judge.
“ A Judge ” means any Judge of the Court.
“ Judgment ” includes decree, order, sentence,
or decision.
“ Legal practitioner ” includes barrister-at-law,
advocate, solicitor, writer to the Signet, and any
person possessing similar qualifications.
* ■ Minutes ’ ’ means the Minutes of proceedings
ordered to be drawn up by Article 22 hereof.

About this item


The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, letters, correspondence, memoranda, notes and Parliamentary questions relating to the 1937 Montreux Conference on the abolition of capitulations in Egypt. These capitulations had created extra-territorial jurisdiction for many foreign powers in Egypt, including Britain, France, Italy and Belgium. This negotiation of the revision of the capitulations was one of the provisions of the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty.

The correspondence in the volume relates mainly to British interests and negotiating issues as well as the difference between British subjects, British protected persons and citizens; errors in some of the drafting and how these mistakes should be rectified, and the process of ratification of the convention by all parties concerned including the Egyptian Government and the governments of the Dominions.

Included in the volume are the following documents:

  • a printed copy of the 'Statutory Rules and Orders, 1937 No. 936 FOREIGN JURISDICTION The Egypt Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , 1937' (ff 116-139)
  • a printed report (ff 295-312) to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Antony Eden, on the proceedings of the Montreux Conference for the abolition of Capitulations in Egypt
  • 'Egypt No. 1 (1936) Treaty of Alliance between His Majesty, in respect of the United Kingdom and his Majesty the King of Egypt ... Convention concerning the Immunities and Privleges to be enjoyed by the British Forces in Egypt, London, August 26, 1936' (Cmd. 5270) (ff 574-589)
  • 'Instruments signed at Montreux on May 8th, 1937' and 'Report on the Convention regarding the abolition of capitulations ...' (in French and English) (ff 363-435)
  • a printed memorandum 'Procedure for Giving Effect to Capitulations: Provisions of Anglo-Egyptian Treaty' (ff 590-601)

The volume features the following principal correspondents: the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden); HM High Commissioner to Egypt and Sudan (Sir Miles Wedderburn Lampson); the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, Dominions Office; Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, Dominions Office; President of the Council of Ministers, Cairo (Mustapha El-Nahas).

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (606 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 608; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 15/3(1) 'Egypt. Abolition of Capitulations in Montreux Conference and Convention 1937' [‎117r] (238/1220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2764, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 October 2019]

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