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Coll 17/18(1) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎21r] (46/1354)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (673 folios). It was created in 28 Jul 1932-15 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(9r
t 4 %
7kCC
KJ %J O' yj
(L.3153/127/91).
L>.
H ''I
1 ^ V,..* 'w'
ti2.Jj i ST UfiUTIO
C ° Ge " tele£rcai t0 3ir A * clerk Kerr. (Bagdad).
Foreign Office. 21st ay. 1935. 7.5.p.m.
■Co. 147. (B).
IMPOKTAliT.
oOo
Yorr telegram ^o. 146 (of May 17th) and Political
Kesiuent's express letter Ko. 354.S. of April 30 to India
Oilice (iraq-Koweit smugglijng),
1. His Majesty's Government note with satisfaction
irom your oecoaitch ISO (ni 15 A'nT'ii 11 +V. ^ •+■ i 4 . —
- - L "° 101 Mprn 11th) tnat Iraqi Government
appreciate and are prepared to accept their offer of media
tion. They do not wish therefore to prolong- controversial
discussion Put consider it essential to bring representa
tives of two parties together at very early meeting under
rIrtish chairmanship on lines indicated in paragraph 6
oelow to consider practical proposals.
2. Both parties must however make concessions. His
Majesty's Governnent are prepared to gres^Sheikh to appoint
customs director on lines already proposed and will not ex
clude consideration of scheme fcr agreed limitation of im
ports into Xoweit, provided Iraqi Government do not insist
in advance on any particular solution, and are prepared to
consider establishment oi effective customs co rdon and, if
necessary, customs posts to canalise legitimate trade on
land frontier.
3. On this basis solution should be possible on
lollowing iines'
(a) A PP°idtment of British customs director at Koweit
Phase precise pov/ers must necessarily depend on outcome of
proposed.....

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Content

The volume contains papers regarding the alleged smuggling of goods from Kuwait to Iraq, and attempts to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the Shaikh of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ) and the Government of Iraq with regards to importation restrictions, customs appointments and effective frontier controls. It consists of correspondence between the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, HM High Commissioner (and later Ambassador) at Baghdad, as well as communications received from Al Sabah and representatives of the Government of Iraq.

The file opens with correspondence concerning the activities of Kuwaiti water boats collecting drinking water at various points along the Shatt el-Arab: the Government of Iraq complained that the boats were not stopping at designated calling points, and that the boats were engaged in smuggling, while the Shaikh of Kuwait asked for the calling point requirement to be rescinded as it was causing interruptions to the water supply. The correspondence also documents instances where Iraqi customs barges had fired on Kuwaiti boats, killing and injuring merchants.

The bulk of the correspondence concerns efforts by HM Ambassador at Iraq, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the two parties. Several conferences were arranged with a view to discussing the Iraqi proposals, viz: that a British Customs Director be appointed at Kuwait to oversee the importation of certain commodities (principally sugar, tea, matches, coffee, tobacco, cigarettes, and cigarette papers); and that the Shaikh co-operate with Iraqi efforts to institute an effective frontier control and customs cordon.

In addition to correspondence, the volume includes the following minutes and reports:

The volume includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (673 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 675; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 4-672; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/18(1) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎21r] (46/1354), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2878, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100063011512.0x00002f> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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