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Coll 17/18(1) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎58r] (120/1354)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (673 folios). It was created in 28 Jul 1932-15 Jun 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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11 .
eos/ 127 /
91.
>56/127/
91.
dre des-
ih Ic.175-3
^GA27/
91,
,Tel.Ho,77.
mA27/
91.
fixed on figures for Iraq.; (b) the formtion of a joint Koweit-
Iraqi preventive service. In return for these measures Hie
Iraqi Oovemnent would pay the Sheikh a lira mm annually.
It was explained, that as the Sheikh had not furnished a reply
to the Iraqi proposals of September 1934 it was not for the
Iraqi Government to take the next move. But if these proposals
were accepted by the Sheikh in principle His Majesty’s Embassy
could put them forward, to the Iraqi Government. The despatch
urged the need for a time limit and hinted that the Iraqi
Government could not be restrained much longer from taking
reprisals against Koweit. It was followed by a telegram from
Bagdad (Io.4-7) stating that the proposals put forward by His
Majesty’s Government (paragraph 7 above) were unacceptable to
Hie Iraqi Government, and threatening that unless the Sheikh
adopted at once a scheme on the lines of that sponsored by the
Embassy the Iraqi Government would be obliged to take coercive
measures amounting to a*-strict blockade since the distances and
' nature of the country prevented an efficient patrol system.
The Iraqis were also said to be contemplating refusing access tc
Koweit vessels fetching fresh water from the Shatt-el-Arab.
Meanwhile Sir Francis Humphrys had visited Bushire and succeeded
in inducing Colonel Fowle to revise Ms proposed letter to Hie
Sheikh (pa.ragra.ph 11 above) so as to include the latest scheme
from Bagdad in the form of a w suggestion* by Sir F .Humphrys (but
known to be acceptable to the Iraqi Government) *
15* These developments led to further reconsideration of
the problem in conjunction with the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and it was
decided that His Majesty’s Government must now come forward
actively as mediators. On March 1,1955, Sir F. Humphrys was in
formed that the measures he had suggested involved too much Iraq!
interference
# ♦

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Content

The volume contains papers regarding the alleged smuggling of goods from Kuwait to Iraq, and attempts to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the Shaikh of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ) and the Government of Iraq with regards to importation restrictions, customs appointments and effective frontier controls. It consists of correspondence between the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, HM High Commissioner (and later Ambassador) at Baghdad, as well as communications received from Al Sabah and representatives of the Government of Iraq.

The file opens with correspondence concerning the activities of Kuwaiti water boats collecting drinking water at various points along the Shatt el-Arab: the Government of Iraq complained that the boats were not stopping at designated calling points, and that the boats were engaged in smuggling, while the Shaikh of Kuwait asked for the calling point requirement to be rescinded as it was causing interruptions to the water supply. The correspondence also documents instances where Iraqi customs barges had fired on Kuwaiti boats, killing and injuring merchants.

The bulk of the correspondence concerns efforts by HM Ambassador at Iraq, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the two parties. Several conferences were arranged with a view to discussing the Iraqi proposals, viz: that a British Customs Director be appointed at Kuwait to oversee the importation of certain commodities (principally sugar, tea, matches, coffee, tobacco, cigarettes, and cigarette papers); and that the Shaikh co-operate with Iraqi efforts to institute an effective frontier control and customs cordon.

In addition to correspondence, the volume includes the following minutes and reports:

The volume includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (673 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 675; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 4-672; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/18(1) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎58r] (120/1354), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2878, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100063011512.0x000079> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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