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Coll 30/195 ‘Persian Gulf Defence QATAR.’ [‎9r] (17/55)

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The record is made up of 1 file (26 folios). It was created in 8 August 1938-29 Jan 1943. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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s
QATAF^
^ o n 3
c T1 ,vrrr ;
vQ-p Q-^I ' ^j»rn ft -q • -VJ'T J-’^TTJ \'{ \GAXT T G n
AT ^ vK A^o S V3^7
3TG ' 1 !^
TGIBAI.
By;- G.3.C.2., A.ir Headqi'artor^>
BritisA Forces in ’IRAQ#
For;- Ai r Officer Oouiiaanaing in ! X*iAQ*
HABBAT r IYA.
Januaryr 1939.
I IT T H Q ? U C TORY*
1 The pcninsnln^ of ,1ubs out from tfte Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
coast of just South Fast of BOBBIN. It is approximately
100 miles lonr; from Y«-th to South and 30 miles wide xrom *a$t to
Test at its widest point, which is about half way down_the penin-
su l a r. # The^e it joins \Y\BIa proper it is approximately 4a miles
across.
o -h° •■'hole r-enirmlar Is desert and there are nractically
no re-manent hahltotions in the entericr, bnt at certain periods
0 c t^= ’"-an tt-e-e a^e noTjds in const ;, e"ahle numbers, ""here a”e
R p V eXpl hall rtshint villa res on the coast the chief beinR ")0 1
hair X av lo-'c the hasfcoast ••- the -eninsnlar. There is a
r,' h ‘,' laniinn- E-ro'ind one mile '"orth of hO^A to->m with a r.etrol
stone.
•* hurincr 1933 an Oil Company (petroleum development (p/l'fAH)
T td 'i at rt° i ^ros T ' 0 CLin for oil. Tnoin camp is on the /e ^ t ^ m
iiiehf the Peninsular almost immediately opposite and 80 miles away
from DOHA on tne Eastern side. This camp is approximately two
miles inland from the Ye stern coast and at present the Oil company
are in process of drilling tneir first well. Whether oil will oe
found or not is not yet known.
4 The British Government have promised to protect tne
hh-iilh of oiTAR from unprovoked attack from tne mainland anu n-a e
informed him that this rotection will be given by means ox air-
clift The Shaikh is anxious to co-operate ao he is very concerned
regarding the possibility of invasion from S.UHI ASA3XA.
- Tt is necessary to consider the deie.'-ce oi -vAj-AH lor tue
following reasons
(a) The promise of protection yiven by His Majesty's Government.
fbA The T)ossibilit- r of oil beiny found and the Oil Company
( ' developing, which mijht make of considerable import
ance in connection with empire oil fuel s implies.
(c) The desirability of maintaining the R.A. 1 *. landing ground
at DO T U.
C B T
C
6# To prepare a plan ^or> the defence of OATPeninsular
against tribal attacks and Sabotage.

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Content

The file contains papers relating to the defence of Qatar.

It includes a copy of a letter from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to the Air Officer Commanding, British Forces in Iraq, 8 August 1938, concerning the defence of Qatar, including the possibe need to protect an oil field and pipeline against tribal attack and sabotage in the event of Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited striking oil.

It also includes: a copy of a paper entitled ‘Appreciation of the Situation regarding the Defence of the Qatar Peninsula Against Tribal Attack and Sabotage’, by the Major R G Price, GSO2, Air Headquarters, British Forces in Iraq, January 1939 (which includes a blueprint sketch map of Qatar, IOR/L/PS/12/3936, f 13); and copies of letters from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to the Air Officer Commanding, British Forces in Iraq, 2 March 1939, and from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , 17 February 1939, regarding Price's report.

In addition, the file includes correspondence dated January 1943 between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, and the Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, relating to the proposed gift of guns and ammunition to the Shaikhs of Qatar, Dibai [Dubai, also spelled Debai in the file], and Sharjah.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (26 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 27; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 30/195 ‘Persian Gulf Defence QATAR.’ [‎9r] (17/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3936, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100063238572.0x000014> [accessed 15 July 2019]

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